Tuesday, 24 May 2011


24, May 2011

Karpaga Vinayagar koil is one of the oldest Cave Temples (Rock Cut) temples of Tamilnadu and situated at Pillayarpatti, which is between Pudukkottai and Karaikkudi. 

The town of
 Pillaiyarpatti is named after 'Pillayar' - the tamil name for Ganesha, and this ancient temple houses rock cut images of Shiva, Lingodbhavar and others as well as several other shrines. Steeped in the tradition of Agamic texts the temple bears testimony to the vibrant temple culture of the Tamil people, passed down through centuries.

Antiquity: Over 15 inscriptions are found within the temple, that help establish the age of the temple. The Stalapuranam published by the temple classifies the growth of this temple into three distinct stages.

The first stage goes back in time by about 1600 years. During this period, the innermost rock cut shrines housing Karpaka Vinayakar and Tiruveesar came into being. The uniqueness of the image of Ganesha is one factor testifying this date; the characters used in the temple inscriptions also help establish this date. The pillars within the shrine are of pre-Pallava origin.
The Pallavas were prolific builders of rock cut temples (Mahabalipuram, Mahendravadi, Mamandur, Mandakapattu, Seeyamangalam, Namakkal, Tiruchi, Nartamalai, Kudumiyanmalai, Tirukkokarnam, Tirumeyyam, Peraiyur, Malayadipatti, Tirukolakkudi, Kunrakkudi etc.). A number of these can be traced to Mahendravarman I (615 - 630 AD) and Narasimhavarman I (630 - 668 AD). However, the inscriptions at Pillayarpatti date further back to the 4th century AD. Also, given the location of the temple in the Pandya kingdom it would only be logical to associate Pandya patronage to this temple, especially in the light of Pandya patronage at the Kazhugumalai temple not too far from here. There are several inscriptions within this temple that date back to the period between 1091 AD and 1238 AD, making it apparent that the Pillayarpatti Nagarattar became the custodians of the temple during the 13th century AD during the second growth phase of this temple, when Vimanams and Rajagopurams were built.

The third phase of growth is much more recent and it involved the repair, rebuilding and refurbishment of the entire temple complex, including the renovation of the temple tank. The tank and the two Raja Gopurams provide an attractive approach to the temple, in this rather remote town of Pillayarpatti.

Karpaka Vinayakar or Desi Vinayaka Pillaiyar is the presiding deity here, and he is portrayed with two arms and a trunk curled towards his right in the valampuri mode. This 6 feet tall mammoth image of Ganesha is a bas relief in an excavated cave, off of a hill in the precincts of the temple. Scholars says that Lord Vinayaga is the Lord of wisdom, which is confirmed by the head of elephant in the shape of sacred mantram "OM". When we draw a line from the broken left tusk, starting upward, then turning left to wards right ear and after passing through the bended left tusk up to the tip of trunk, Tamil alphabet "O" appears. The Lingam in the hand indicates the alphabet "M". Together they form "OM". This is confirmed by the lord here "Valamburi Pillayar". As Vinayagar satisfies the wishes of his devotees like Karpagam tree, he is also known "Karpaga Vinayagar". 

Here Lord Vinayaga appears with 2 hands unlike in other places where he is seen with 4 hands. Also he is seen seated without Angusapasam, with his legs folded and stomach not touching the Asanam in the form of "Artha Padma" Asanam.
The word Vinayaga means "Incomparable Leader" Devotees worshipping Valamburi Vinayagar seated facing towards north, will be blessed with all wealth. Chanting of sacred mantrams by the student learning Vedas and agamas in the Vedaagama School create a divine atmosphere.


The deity of this temple is known as "Marudeeswarar" as Marudha tree (In Sansscrit Arjuna Virutcha,Tne Botanical name is Termanalia Arjuna) worship is followed in this temple which indicates that this temple in an ancient temple. The sculptur of pasupatheeswarar, "A cow worshipping Lord Siva by offering his milk" is the special feature of this temple. Also kubheran the Lord of wealth had worshipped at this temple.

To illustrate the information that one where controls his five senses will be able to understand God, a sculplure of five headed snake wearing a Lingam on its neck is found here. The five head of the snake indicate the five senses while the Lingam indicates God. Also adding to the sprituality Goddess Laxmi, Saraswathi and Durgai are found together at the same sport.

Unlike other places the three Lingams Thiruveesar, Marudheesar and Senchadeswarar and the three Goddess Sivagami
 amman, Vadamalar Mangaiamman and Soundara Nayaga amman all appear together at the same place and bless the devotees.

It is believed that by worshipping Kathyayini amman at this temple women get relived from sevvai dosham which prevent them from getting married. "Sabda Madhar" whom importance due to changing time are provided with a seperate sannidhi known as Sakthi sannidhi at this temple.

Frequent buses are available from Karaikudi


View of front mandapam with east side Rajagopuram in front of Shiva's sannadhi    
Temple complex view with thirukkulam
Ambal Sannadhi vimanam 
Rajagopuram in front of Vinayagar sannadhi 
( Entrance of east side Rajagopuram )
A small sannadhi on a rock 

Daughter sitting in front of a mandapam near Vinayagar sannadhi Rajagopuram 



24, May 2011.

114/60. -  SRI JAMBUKESWARAR TEMPLE -Thiruvanaikaval 
This is the 114th Devara Padal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 6th shiva sthalam  on the banks of River Cauvery in Chozha Nadu, Vadakarai. Moovar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple.

Iraivan : Sri Jambukeswarar, Sri Appu Lingeswarar, Sri Vennavalesar,                  Sri Jambunathar, Sri aanaikkaa Annal, Sri Neerthiral nathar.
Iraivi    : Sri Akilandeswari

Some of the important features of this temple are....
  1. This is one of the pancha bootha sthalangal and called Appu sthalam ( Water ). To signifies water is coming from the base of the lingam even during summer. Moolavar is facing west.
  2. The Iraivan was worshiped by Brahma, Spider, Elephant, Ashtavasukkal, Ambal, Parasarar, Ko Chenkat Chozhan.
  3. There is a 9 way salaram in front of moolavar and we cannot enter staightly to karuvarai like any other temples, instead we have to enter through side way. 
  4. Ambal is in a separate temple facing Iraivan ie east direction.
  5. Since Ambal worshiped Lord Shiva in this temple, archakar used to do the uchi kala pooja wearing sari. 
  6. Sri Sakkathodukal  given by Sri Adhi sankarar is still is being used for Ambal. 


Thiruvanaikoil is a beautiful small urban village at Tiruchirappalli district ('Trichy', 'Thiruchirapalli', 'Tiruchinopoly', 'Tiruchi') in Tamil Nadu of Southern India. Thiruvanaikoil is also familiarly known as Tiruvanaikoil, Tiruvanaikaval, Thiruvanaikaval, Thiruvanaika, Thiruanaikaa. Thiruvanaikoil is around 3 Kms away from the heart of Trichy city and adjacent to Srirangam another small historic town and one of the holy places in India. Thiruvanaikoil and Srirangam are in the banks of river Cauvery. Literally these two places form an island, surrounded by river Cauvery and river Coleroon. This ancient temple dedicated to Shiva (Jambukeswara) and Parvati (Akhilandeswari) is one of the foremost Saivite shrines in Tamilnadu. This large temple celebrates Shiva as Jambukeswara, an embodiment of the element water and is often referred to as Appustalam and is hence one of the Pancha Bhoota Stalams, the other four being Tiruvannamalai (fire), Chidambaram (Space), Kanchipuram (Earth) and Kalahasti (Air) respectively. The Sri Jambukeshwara Temple is dedicated to Lord Siva and has five concentric walls and seven gopurams. It is built around a Siva lingam partly submerged in water that comes from a spring in the sanctum sanctorum. Non-Hindus are not allowed inside the temple.

According to the legend there was once a forest of jambu trees in the place of modern Tiruvanaikka. Nearby was a tank called Chandratheertha which was filled by water from the river Cauvery. Lord shiva appeared as a Lingam under one of the trees. The lingam came to be called the Jambulingam.

Due to a curse, the two  shiva ganas Pushpadanta and Malyava, were born in the forest as a white elephant and as a spider. The elephant worshipped the Lingam with flowers and with water brought in its trunk. The spider too worshipped the Lingam, spinning out a web over the Lingam to prevent leaves of the tree from falling on it. The spider's web appeared to be unclean for the elephant and it destroyed the web. This lead to big clash between the two and ultimately resulted in their death. Lord shiva granted Mokshaa (salvation) to both. The spider was born in a royal Chola family as the great king Ko Chenkannan aChozha King who built about 70 temples (Maadakovils) including the temple of Jambukeswarar at Tiruvanaika. Because the king remembered about his earlier birth, he built the temples in a such way that no elephant can enter the sanctum sancotrum and come near the Sivalingam. The temple at Tiruvanaikaval is a big one covering an area of about 18 acres with high walls and gopurams on all the 4 sides. The temple has 5 prakarams. The main sanctum sancotrum (the 5th prakaram) can be reached by entering a series of Gopurams (Towers). The shrine for female deity Akilandeswari is situated in the 4th prakaram.

  1. Frequent Buses are  available from various parts of  Tamil nadu.
  2. Frequent Town buses are available from Main guard gate, Malaikottai Thayumanavar theppakulam and 8 Km from main bus stand, 
Land line Number  +91 431 2230257

Mandapam before 3rd level Rajagopuram -on the top sudhai sirpam of sthalapuranam
( A Rajagopuram at the back side )
A small mandapam on the parakaram
Third level Rajagopuram
Mallappa gopuram
( Neerazhi mandapam  near the first Rajagopuram )
First 7 tier Rajagopuram on the west side 

----- OM SHIVAYA NAMA -----


24, May 2011.

Tiruchirappalli was earlier known as Thirisirapuram, because a Rakshasa called Thirisiran worshipped Lord Shiva here. Legend has it that since there are three peaks on the Rock Fort hill, occupied by three Gods, Shiva, Parvathi & Vinayakar (Uchi Pillaiyar), the place was named Thiri-sikarapuram and later called Tirisirapuram. This place was also known as Sirappalli, Rishabachalam & Dhakshina Kailasam during ancient days. The Rock Fort hill is beleived to be formed hundreds of thousands of years back, according to archeological sources.

According to mythology, once there was a great tussle between Aadhiseshan and the wind God Vaayu, about who was more powerful. Aadhiseshan encircled the Maha Meru hill (Himalaya) and challenged Vaayu to take the Himalayas off his powerful grip. Vaayu tried very much to free them, but to no avail, and eventually accepted his defeat. It is said that during the fight, there had been a lot of natural calamities like floods and cyclones. And three pieces of the mountain broke off and landed in different places. Out of the three pieces that broke off is the Rock fort at Trichy. The other two are at Triconamalee (Ceylon) and Sri Kalahasthi (Andhra Pradesh). also ply from both Central & Chathram bus stands of Trichy. One can alight at Main Guard Gate or Theppakulam to reach the temple.


This is the 123rd Devaram Padal Petra Shiva Sthalam on the banks of river Cauvery, a Chozha Nattu thenkarai shiva sthalam. Thiruganasambandar and Appar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple

Iraivan : Sri Mathrubootheswarar, Sri Thayumaneswarar, Sri Thayumanavar.
Iraivi    : Sri Mattuvar Kuzhali, Sri Sukunthakundhalambigai.

History of the temple.
Arulmigu Thayumanavar Swamy temple (also known as 'Chevvandhinadhar') is situated on the Rock Fort enroute to the Uchi Pillaiyar. Temple on the hill top, at the heart of the present day city of Trichy. According to legend, there was a woman living on the other side of river Cauvery, who visited this temple everyday. She had been visiting the temple for many years, which she continued to do even during her pregnancy. One day after she finished the Darshan, she found that the river was flooded and impassable. As she waited for the river's flow to subside, she developed a severe labour pain. Since she was in labour, people around stopped her from going back home. But the woman was desperate to go back home to her mother, who was the only person she trusted enough to help her get through the labour pains.

Lord Shiva came to her, disguised as her mother, and helped her deliver the child safely and then disappeared. Later when her actual mother came asking for her, the woman realised that it was Lord Shiva who came to her rescue in disguise. As Lord Shiva himself served her devotee as her mother, here the main diety is called as "Thayumanavar" (God, who is also the "Mother") This incident is also celebrated as a special event called "Chettipenn Maruthuvam" on the fifth day of the Chithirai Festival at the temple. The name of the Ambaal is "Mattuvarkuzhali".

After climbing around 200 steps from foot hill of the "Malaikkottai", one can reach the Thayumanavar temple. The temple is said to have been built during the 3rd century by Pallavas. This temple was occupied by Jain Saints and later was destroyed by Mahendravarman, who then constructed a Shiva Temple in its place. Pregnant women and their husbands pray to Lord Thayumanavar for a safe delivery and offer plantains to the God after delivering healthy baby. One can see people carrying "Vazhaithaar" all the way up to the temple, and after offering to Thayumanavar, they distribute it among other devotees in the temple.

Some of the important features of this temple are ...
  1. Manikka vinayakar sannadhi at the base of the hill temple. The main shrine is 258 steps from the base. 
  2. Uchi Pillayar is on the top of the hill.
  3. Sannadhi for 63var, Kambthadi Vinayagar, Arumugar, 63var Urchava moorthams,  Sevvanthi Vinayagar, Sandikeswarar, 
  4. Moolavar is of big in size and  facing west. 
  5. While climbing up we can see a Pallava period rock cut cave on the left side.
  1. Landline numbers are  +91 431 2704621 and  +91 431 2710484 
  1. Thiruchi is well connected by ample trains and buses from Chennai and other parts of Tamilnadu. 
  2. Buses also ply from both Central & Chathram bus stands of Trichy. One can alight at Main Guard Gate or Theppakulam to reach the temple.

Rock cut caves under the temple
Rajagopuram and moolavar vimanam is above the roof
Ambal sannadhi vimanam is partially visible


Saturday, 14 May 2011


14, May 2011

On May 14, 2011, I and my wife went to VALLI MALAI. Had a peaceful dharshan of Lord Sri Subramanian. The details of the journey is as follows.

After reaching Koyambedu bus stand , got a bus ( Bus no 144) going to Chittur, via Wallajapet, Ranipet, Thiruvalam ( In thiruvalam there is  Shiva Temple, on the banks of the river. The Temple is one of the  Thondai Mandalam  Padal Petra sthalam. The temple was covered already, hence this time we have not gone there.) . We got down at Serkadu or the Koot road of Vallimalai. From there we got an Auto and reached Valli Malai foot hill. From SerKadu Vallimalai is about 7 KM. We had a peaceful dharshan at Bottom Temple and Top. The Top Murugan Temple is under the Control of Archeological department. The temple is not a regular temple, but it is a Kudaivarai Koil, similar to Thiruparankundram. The climbing is not  difficult. The steps are neatly paved by the devotees through donation, whose names are craved  at the front side of the steps. Since it was very hot we climbed down after finishing our breakfast at top of the temple which we carried. While return, we do not want to stand in the bus up to Chennai, So we came through Katpadi, Vellore ( Bus No 102, via Poonamalle, which by passes through Wallajah & RaniPet ). 

  1. Bus no 144 from Chennai Koyambedu to Chittur, via Wallajapet, Ranipet, Thiruvalam get  down at Serkadu or the Koo road of Vallimalai. From there share autos are available to the foot hills of Valli Malai. From SerKadu Vallimalai is about 7 KM.
  2. Town bus is also available from Vellore
  1. The temple timings are Mornings : 07.30 Hrs to 12.30 Hrs  and Evening  2.30 Hrs to 06.30 Hrs
  1. The temple can be contacted over land line  04172 - 252 295.  
Base Murugan Temple 
Thirukulam with neerazhi mandapam, at the beginning of Hill steps
Steps to Hill
Resting mandapam at the middle of the steps. In this mandapam they tried to remove a slab for renovation, under that they could see the Munivars in meditation, so they closed back ( சொல்ல கேள்வி )
Steps after the mandapam 
Moolavar vimanam on the rock 
Mandapam buit with the rock above the moolavar. The santum sanctorium is of kudavarai koil and front mandapam was built abutting the cave 
Mandapam, Palipedam and kodimaram view 

Base temple back side view 
Base Murugan temple  front view 


Wednesday, 4 May 2011


04, May 2011.

After Velliangiri Yathra, thought of visiting some Siva Temples. Fortunately I had two days leave while I was in my native place ( Near Erode ). There are seven Siva Temples in Kongu Nadu, which are Devaram paadal Petra sthalangal. Already I covered  Avinashi, Thirumurugan Poondi, Thiruchengodu and Thirunana ( Bhavani ). Thought of completing all the seven temples. On 25th and 26th pril 2011, covered the balance Shiva Temples Kodumudi, Karur & Venjamangudalur. Really it was a great experience. All the temples are very big and are maintained neat and clean.

261/3. THIRU NANA - BHAVANI   The place is now called as Bhavani 

This is the 261st Devara Paadal Petra Shiva sthalam and 3rd sthalam in Kongu Nadu. Thiruganasambandar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple.

Iraivan : Sri Sangamuga natheswarar, Sri Sangameswarar
Iraivi    : Sri Vedhambigai

Some of the important features of this temple are ....
  1. Since the temple is located at the junction rivers Cauvery and Bhavani, Iraivan is called as Sri Sangameswarar.
  2. Nandhi is in a mandapam in front of 5 tier Rajagopuram. 
  3. At the entrance sannadhi for Kottai vinayagar, Rajaganapathy and Muthukumarasamy sannadhi.
  4. Sri Soundaranayaki udanurai Sri Adhikesava Perumal and Yoga narasimhar sannadhis are at the entrance of Rajagopuram with a mandapam.
  5. In the inner parakaram sannadhi for 63var, Panchabootha Lingams, Sani Bhagavan, Kasi Viswanathar, Arumugasamy, Jurageswarar, Sahasra Lingam..
  6. Parikaram are conducted for Nagadhosham.
  7. People in large numbers take bath in the junction of rivers during Adi Perukku day.
  8. There is a story of Ambal's  oonjal made of elephant's ivory tusk. The same was donated by the british ruler by name W Garo, after he was saved by Ambal from collapse of the rest house/ bungalow. After that he used to worship Ambal through a hole made on the compound wall.
  1. Frequent buses are available from ERODE, Mettur
  2. Town buses also available from Erdoe, Perundurai
  1. The Land line and mobile numbers are 04256 230192 and 98432 48588
North side Rajagopuram with Nandhi mandapam
North side Rajagopuram

Moolavar Vimanam view from Sthalaviruksham Ilanthai maram
Temple complex view
Moolavar Vimanam view from Sthalaviruksham another view
Shasrara lingam Sannadhi
Rajagopuram on the south side - River side
Sun set  - Bhavani river
North side Rajagopuram after sunset


This is the 263rd  Devara Paadal Petra Shiva sthalam and 5rd sthalm in Kongu Nadu. Sundarar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple.

Iraivan : Sri Kalyanavikirtheswarar, Sri Vikirthanatheswarar
Iraivi    : Sri Mathurabhashini, Sri Pannormozhiammai, Sri Vikirthanayaki.

Some of the important features of this temple are...
  1. The temple is located at the junction of a branch river of Amaravathy  joins with Amaravathy river and kudakanaru.. Also the place was ruled by a king named Venjaman, hence this place is called as Venjamakudalur.
  2. The temple  was washed away by the flood in the Kudakanaru. The same was rebuilt during 1982. Still the temple is a level below the 5 tier Rajagopuram and the temple is facing west. Vinayagar and Sri subramaniyar sannadhis are on both side of Rajagopuram. 
  3. There is a Garuda thoon or Vilakku thoon in front of Rajagopuram.
  4. In the outer prakaram sannadhi for Suryan, Chandran, Pancha lingams, Valli Devasena Sri Subramaniyar ( One leg on the peacock vakanam is to be noticed ), 
  5. In the inner prakaram sannadhi for  Navagrahas, Bairavar, Nambiyandar nambikal, Sekizhar and 63var &  Natarajar Saba. 
  6. At the entrance of moolavar sannadhi pudai sirpams of  all the seven  Kongu Nattu paadal petra Shiva Sthalangal moorthams are  to be watched.
  7. In koshtam Vinayagar, Dhashinamoorthy, Lingothbavar, Brahma and Durgai. 
  8. Ambal is facing east. 
  9. Urchava moorthams Samaskandhar, Pallakku Chokkar,  Subramaniyar are to be worshiped. 
  1. Town bus to Aartru medu to Karur passes through this village.
  2. The regular buses from Karur to Dindukal passes through this village. 
  1. Prabhu Gurukkal +91 9600291218 or +91 4324 262010 or    +91 9943527792.
  2. This temple is under the control of Karur temple details may be obtained from them also.
  Vinayagar and Subramaniyar sannadhis  are on both side of the 5 tier Rajagopuram
Ambal sannadhi vimanam
Temple complex view from compound wall
Temple complex view from compound wall
Vilakku thoon ( விளக்கு தூண் ) in front of temple - Deepam will be lit on Karthikai deepam day



04, MAY 2011
265/7. KARUR

This is the 265th Devaram Paadal Petra Shiva sthalam and 7th Sthalam in Kongu Nadu. Thiruganasambandar  has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple.

Iraivan : Sri Pasupatheswarar, Sri Pasupathy Nathar, Sri Pasupathy
Iraivi    : Sri Kirupanayaki, Sri Soundyarya Nayagi

Some of the important features of this temple are....
  1. This is the birth place of Eripatha nayanar and Karuvur thevar wgho had sung the Thiruvisaippa.
  2. The temple is facing east with a 7 tier Rajagopuram.
  3. Moolavar is little slanding position on a square avidayar. There is cow's leg mark on Sivalingam. It was learnt that Iraivan leaned to one side to hear Kruvur Thevar's Thiruvisaippa.
  4. There is  stone dwajasthamban  after entering the Rajagopuram. On the base pudai sirpam of Pukazhal Chozhan with  head load on side and Cow milking on Shiva Lingam on the other side. This sort of Dwajasthambams may be seen in many of the Siva Temples in Erode, Coimbator and Salem districts.  
  5. The temple was constructed during Chozhar's period. There is a 100 pillar mandapam in front of the sannadhi. This is one of the five capital ruled by Chozha Kings.
  6. There is a Jeeva Samadi for Sri Karuvur thevar.  
  7. Sannadhi for Natarajar, Ganapathi, Sri Valli devasena Sri Subramaniyar, Sri Lakshmi, Navagrahas, Bairavar, 
  8. There are two sannadhis for Ambal.  Srti Alankara nayagi in one sannadhi and Sri Soundarya nayagi in another sannadhi. 
  1. To  Karur frequent buses are available from Coimbatore, Erode, Trichy
CONTACT Details :
  1. TELEPHONE NUMBERS:  +91 4324 262010
Rajagopuram with mandapam before moolavar mandapam

View of east side Rajagopuram
View of east side Rajagopuram 

264 /6 ThiruPandikodumudi ( Now the place is called as Kodumudi)

This is the 6th Devara Paadal petra shiva Sthalam in Kongu Naadu. Moovar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple.

Iraivan : Sri Makudeswarar, Kodumudinathar, Malaikozhuntheesar.
Iraivi    : Sri Mathurabhashini, Thiripurasundari, Panmozhinayaki.

Some of the important features of this temple are...
  1. Bharatvasar, Agasthiyar worshiped lord shiva of this temple. 
  2. Temple is on the banks of river cauvery.
  3. It was believed that a piece of meru was fallen here, hence the place is called as Kodumudi.
  4. There is a Vishnu temple ( Sri. Veeranarayana Perumal )inside the premises with separate dwajasthambam.
  5. It is a parikara sthalam foir Naga dhosham.
  6. The mandapam pillars are with lot of reliefs.
  7. The temple has Sundarapandiyan Kesary period epigraphs. 
  8. Dhashinamoorthy with a single Sanakatha munivar and with sadamudi.
  1. The kodumudi is on the way to Karur from Erode about 1/2 hour journey.
  2. The kodumudi is on the railway route from Erode to Trichy
  1. TELEPHONE NUMBER : +91 4204 222375
Ambal, Iraivan and Sri Veeranarayana  Perumal sannadi Rajagopurams

Pudai sirppam on the mandapam Pillar