Tuesday, 24 May 2011


24, May 2011.

114/60. -  SRI JAMBUKESWARAR TEMPLE -Thiruvanaikaval 
This is the 114th Devara Padal Petra Shiva Sthalam and 6th shiva sthalam  on the banks of River Cauvery in Chozha Nadu, Vadakarai. Moovar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Shiva of this temple.

Iraivan : Sri Jambukeswarar, Sri Appu Lingeswarar, Sri Vennavalesar,                  Sri Jambunathar, Sri aanaikkaa Annal, Sri Neerthiral nathar.
Iraivi    : Sri Akilandeswari

Some of the important features of this temple are....
  1. This is one of the pancha bootha sthalangal and called Appu sthalam ( Water ). To signifies water is coming from the base of the lingam even during summer. Moolavar is facing west.
  2. The Iraivan was worshiped by Brahma, Spider, Elephant, Ashtavasukkal, Ambal, Parasarar, Ko Chenkat Chozhan.
  3. There is a 9 way salaram in front of moolavar and we cannot enter staightly to karuvarai like any other temples, instead we have to enter through side way. 
  4. Ambal is in a separate temple facing Iraivan ie east direction.
  5. Since Ambal worshiped Lord Shiva in this temple, archakar used to do the uchi kala pooja wearing sari. 
  6. Sri Sakkathodukal  given by Sri Adhi sankarar is still is being used for Ambal. 


Thiruvanaikoil is a beautiful small urban village at Tiruchirappalli district ('Trichy', 'Thiruchirapalli', 'Tiruchinopoly', 'Tiruchi') in Tamil Nadu of Southern India. Thiruvanaikoil is also familiarly known as Tiruvanaikoil, Tiruvanaikaval, Thiruvanaikaval, Thiruvanaika, Thiruanaikaa. Thiruvanaikoil is around 3 Kms away from the heart of Trichy city and adjacent to Srirangam another small historic town and one of the holy places in India. Thiruvanaikoil and Srirangam are in the banks of river Cauvery. Literally these two places form an island, surrounded by river Cauvery and river Coleroon. This ancient temple dedicated to Shiva (Jambukeswara) and Parvati (Akhilandeswari) is one of the foremost Saivite shrines in Tamilnadu. This large temple celebrates Shiva as Jambukeswara, an embodiment of the element water and is often referred to as Appustalam and is hence one of the Pancha Bhoota Stalams, the other four being Tiruvannamalai (fire), Chidambaram (Space), Kanchipuram (Earth) and Kalahasti (Air) respectively. The Sri Jambukeshwara Temple is dedicated to Lord Siva and has five concentric walls and seven gopurams. It is built around a Siva lingam partly submerged in water that comes from a spring in the sanctum sanctorum. Non-Hindus are not allowed inside the temple.

According to the legend there was once a forest of jambu trees in the place of modern Tiruvanaikka. Nearby was a tank called Chandratheertha which was filled by water from the river Cauvery. Lord shiva appeared as a Lingam under one of the trees. The lingam came to be called the Jambulingam.

Due to a curse, the two  shiva ganas Pushpadanta and Malyava, were born in the forest as a white elephant and as a spider. The elephant worshipped the Lingam with flowers and with water brought in its trunk. The spider too worshipped the Lingam, spinning out a web over the Lingam to prevent leaves of the tree from falling on it. The spider's web appeared to be unclean for the elephant and it destroyed the web. This lead to big clash between the two and ultimately resulted in their death. Lord shiva granted Mokshaa (salvation) to both. The spider was born in a royal Chola family as the great king Ko Chenkannan aChozha King who built about 70 temples (Maadakovils) including the temple of Jambukeswarar at Tiruvanaika. Because the king remembered about his earlier birth, he built the temples in a such way that no elephant can enter the sanctum sancotrum and come near the Sivalingam. The temple at Tiruvanaikaval is a big one covering an area of about 18 acres with high walls and gopurams on all the 4 sides. The temple has 5 prakarams. The main sanctum sancotrum (the 5th prakaram) can be reached by entering a series of Gopurams (Towers). The shrine for female deity Akilandeswari is situated in the 4th prakaram.

  1. Frequent Buses are  available from various parts of  Tamil nadu.
  2. Frequent Town buses are available from Main guard gate, Malaikottai Thayumanavar theppakulam and 8 Km from main bus stand, 
Land line Number  +91 431 2230257

Mandapam before 3rd level Rajagopuram -on the top sudhai sirpam of sthalapuranam
( A Rajagopuram at the back side )
A small mandapam on the parakaram
Third level Rajagopuram
Mallappa gopuram
( Neerazhi mandapam  near the first Rajagopuram )
First 7 tier Rajagopuram on the west side 

----- OM SHIVAYA NAMA -----

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