14, March 2014.
After my dharshan of Sri Veeramathi Amman, our Kula Dheivam at Thazhlkuni near Kolappalur, Gopichettipalayam, I indented to add the history of our Kulatheivam. Till the end of 20th century our village people believed that Sri Murugan was our Kula Theivam and used to go to the temple near Getticheviyur ( Thoranavavi ) on Gobichetti Palayam to Thirupur bus route. Then a section of our people argued that a male god cannot be our Kula Theivam and must be a Female. Some of our caste people traced and found out the present Sri Veeeramathi Amman mentioned above address. After that our people started worshiping Sri Veeramathi Amman, as Kula Dheivam. When I inquired, our elders of our community could not help to trace the history. In the mean time many people inquired about Sri Veeramathi Amman and the history. This kindles me further to do a research on this subject.
THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF FEMALE GODDESS
1. GODDESS BECOMES GODDESS
Normally we used to worship two types of female gods. One type is the concerts of female gods, who came to earth to safe guard the human beings from evils. They are normally, Sri Kaliamman, Sri Mariamman, Sri Selliamman, Etc,.
2. HUMANS BECOMES GODDESS
The other type of female goddess are, the Females who lives in the earth & scarified themselves, through Sati and lives as goddess / Kula Dheivam in the mind of their sons, grand sons, great grand sons, etc,. This is being followed to generations. They worship them as goddess with regular poojas, annual festival., etc. Also any important functions in their family will be celebrated after worshiping their Kula Theivam. FEMALE GODDESS BECOMES AS KULA DHEIVAM in three ways and they are.
The widow who lost her husband ends her life by jumping in to her husband’s funeral pyre. ( Voluntarily - But in many cases it is not so, they were forcibly to do SATI ). This practice was adopted from the starting of the human civilization, may be from Vedha ugam. Latter it was modified in different ways.
THEEPANJAMMAN TEMPLE NEAR CHEYYUR
The widows creates fire separately and jump in to the fire and scarifies their lives. In south India the dead husbands are not cremated, instead they are buried. In this case the widows are also buried along with their husbands with alive. Latter the same was modified. The widows are asked lay down along with their husbands and rituals are only conducted, without buried along with their husbands.
3. LIVES REST OF THE LIFE AS WIDOWS.
The widows will live through out their life in single, even though they are very young. They are not permitted to join any of the functions, will not have the kumkums in their fore head, they wear white saris and they will not wear any jewels. It is still believed that the purpose of travel will not be fruitful, if widows with white saris either they cross their way or came in their front.
For the remembrance/ monuments of the widows, who sacrificed their lives the people followed different methods.
1. SATI KAL or NADU KAL.
A stone with inscriptions of the who had undergone the SATI is installed in a place where every body can be seen. Also they may be installed at the burial / cremation ground also. In north India, palm prints of the widows ( may be many numbers whose husbands are killed in battles ) are chiseled on stones. The SATI stones are also installed in a place where the three roads joins. In some places of Tamil Nadu, the stones with inscriptions of their names are placed in a common place of the village and the villagers used to do poojas in a particular month like Aadi in Tamil Month.
2. SUMAITHANGI KAL
Sumai thangi Kal was also installed in remembrance of the lady who died during delivery or during pregnancy. This was mainly installed near the village/ shops/ Madams/ Ponds/ to un load their head loads and take rest. After rest the head loads can be picked up by them with out much effort and with out others help. Since I was from a remote Village in Erode Dist of Tamil Nadu, still I remember my good old days. During my younger days my mother and Villagers used to travel by walk for a distance of 4 KM to Kunnathur to purchase weekly provisions and vegetables from the weekly market ( Sandhai ), which assembles on every Mondays. There was no bus at that time. There was a sumai thangi stone installed in my Village long back, which is not there now.
In north side of Tamil Nadu there are temples with goddess name with Theepanjamman. This temple was constructed in remembrance of the widows.The Sati was abolished through Laws by Britishers in India. Even though it is a punishable act, instances are happening in India here and there.
CONCLUSION OF OUR KULA THEIVAM SRI VEERAMATHI AMMAN’s HISTORY
Our Kula Theivam Sri Veeramathi Amman also must be a brave mother who sacrificed for our ancestral father. Our fore fathers might have installed a NADU KAL. Latter our, latter ancestors might have given the shape of the present Sri Veeramathi Amman. But one thing is certain that the temple has been visited by our ancestors whose foot prints are lying in the temples and their souls must be circumambulate Sri Veeramathi Amman, to get blessings of Sri Veemathi Amman and give blessings to us when we go to the temple. There are many Sri Veeramathi Amman Temples in Coimbatore, Erode, Salem districts of Kongu Nadu for different castes and sections of peoples.
SrI Veeramathi Amman - our Kula Dheivam
2012 annual festival - Santhanakappu alangaram
To see the maavilakku procession please CLICK HERE
2013 - Annual festival Santhana kappu alangaram
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