Tuesday, 17 February 2015

R.E.A.C.H. HERITAGE TOUR TO THIRUNATHAR KUNDRU, NEKANUR PATTI AND THONDUR ( BRAMMI SCRIPTS ) NEAR GINGEE, THIUVANNAMALAI.

18, February 2015.
We have traveled from the pre-historic to the latest epigraphic places around Gingee near Thiruvannamalai on 15th February 2015. The Jain religion was spread widely between Kanchipuram and Thiruvannamalai. Thirunathar Kundru,  Nekanurpatti, Nekanur, Thondur  are the places we visited Through R.E.A.C.H foundation and was guide by Mr Ramachandran, The Epigraphist and Mr Vakula Varadharajan, the historian.  During the journey  we had  learned a lot from Mr Ramachandran & Mr Vakula Varadharajan. They explained the history  importance of each place.
As usual we have started our journey late by 30 minutes. On the way  we had our breakfast  and purchased fresh vegetable from a farm at a cheaper rate. Our journey route was Mel Sithamoor Gingee – Thirunathar Kundru- Gingee- Nekanur patti – Mel Olakkur – Thondur. The details are as follows.

MEL CHITAMUR.
  • We visited Sri Bhagavan Parsuvannathar, a Jain Temple managed by Jena Kanchi Jain Mutt.
  • The temple looks like a Hindu temple with Rajagopuram , Dwajasthambam,Palipeedam, moolavar vimanam,Dwarabalakar at the entrance of sanctum,  etc,.
  • Sannadhis for Sri Dharma Devi, Sri Neminath the 20th Theerthangarar, relative to Lord Sri Krishan., Sri Brahma Devar, Sri Jena Vani, Sri Gananathar, Sri Padmavathy Devi with snake hood above head, Sri Jwala Malini Devi, and navagrahas not the Suryan, Sani etc.
  • The Temple was built after 13th century. But a recent year’s epigraph is available at the entrance of Rajagopuram.
  • The archakar recites mantras in Sanskrit.
  • On two places pot of water was kept for pigeon. Mr Vakula Varadharajan pointed out that one portion of the vimanam is called as Kabuthar means pigeon in Hindi, where pigeon used to stay.
HOW TO REACH :
  • On the Thindivanam to Thiruvannamalai, before Gingee a place called Vallam, Nattarmangalam Koot Road from there Mel Chitamur is 2 KM
LOCATION OF THE TEMPLE :CLICK HERE
Rajagopuram
                                             Rajagopuram, Palipedam, Dwajasthambam and Sri Parsuvathar sannadhi vimanam on the right 
 Sri Parsuvanathar Sannadhi 
Sri Dharma Devi Sannadhi 
Chakra relief on the Dwajasthambam base. 
THIRUNATHAR  KUNDRU.
  • This is a Jains monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India ( ASI ) on a Kundru with recently laid steps to climb up.
  • There  is a Brammi epigraph and a Vatteluthu epigraph. The 8th  century  epigraph describes that a Jain monk called Eesura Badarar passed away after  30 days fasting without food and water. 
  • The Brammi epigraph of 6th century describes that a Jain Monk called Chandra nandhi  passed away 57 days fasting without food and water.  
  • There is a natural cave. Near that there are 24 Theerthangars reliefs on a big rock. 
HOW TO REACH :
  • The place Thirunathar Kundru is on the Gingee to Singavaram main road.
LOCATION OF THIS PLACE :CLICK HERE
  Climbing up to the Kundru
 CAVE 
 BRAMMI EPIGRAPH (One reads as
ஐம்பத் தேழன சனந நோற்ற சந்திர நந்தி ஆ சீரீகரு  நிசீதிகை (Chandira nandhi Jain monk who passed away after 57 days fasting. This is in Brammi.)
முப்பது நாளன  சன நோற்ற  இஸிர படாரர் நிசீதிகை ( The Jain monk who passed away after 30 days fasting - This is Tamil Vatteluthu) 

 24 Theethangar’s relief 

NEKANUR PATTI
This place is called as ‘ADUKKU MALAI’ otherwise Adukkuparai by the locals. There is no proper approach road to this place. At one point our van got struck up between two rocks and we have reached the spot by walk.
  • This is monument is a three individual big rocks sitting one after the another. 
  • The Brammi script is available on the base big rock. The inscription describes the construction of school. The epigraph is a 4th century one.
  • Under the big rock there is prehistoric painting. Still looks good in white colour. This is estimated to be of 1000 BC.
  • There is no fencing to safe guard this monument and there is no sign or warning board.
HOW TO REACH :
  • The Place Nekanur patti is on the Road Melakkalvai to Neganur, turn right before right and the Adukku parai a about 2 KM.
LOCATION OF THE PLACECLICK HERE
 பெரும் பொகழ் சேக்கந்தி தாயயிரு சேக்கந்தண்ணி  சேயி வித்த பள்ளி(About construction of a school by his anni (brother's wife ))
 The Pre-historic paintings  1000 BCE
 ADDUKKU PARAI

 OUR TEAM 
Murugan temple between rocks 

We had our lunch under a neem tree on the road side. The local ladies helped us with water to wash our hands. After lunch we proceeded towards Thondur through the villages – Nekanur – Eechur – Amma Kulam – Mukkunam – Mel Olakkur. At Mel Olakkur we had seen  two reliefs installed on the road side.

Mel Olakkur 
  • The one is Jeasta Devi ( Moodevi or Mootha Devi ) with her daughter Agni matha and her son Nandhi devar Locals calls this as Durgai Amman or a Ellai Amman  ( Limit point  for the village ).
  • The other one is a Three warriors holding sword and kedayam. This is a Nadukal for the warriors who lost their lives in a war.
  • This is very much similar to the relief found at Chunambedu.
  • As per the historians both reliefs are of 6th century. 
LOCATION OF JESTA DEVI RELIEF :  CLICK HERE   
 Jesta Devi with her daughter Agni Matha and Son Nandhi devar
A Nadu kal  for warriors 
PASUMALAI PADUKAI. ( THONDUR )
  • This is a Jains monument with a Jain monk relief and 3 beds. 
  • The Brammi inscriptions are not legible to read. From the document The samanar beds are chiselled by Mosi as per the instruction of Senkayan. 
  • The brammai inscriptions are  between 200 to 300 AD .
LOCATION OF THE CAVE  :  CLICK HERE  

 The three Pasumalai padukai ( Bed )

 The Epigraph is not legible 

Document of the Epigraph ( first one ) 
ஸேந்காயியன் ஏவ அகழ் ஊரறம்  மோசி செயித அதிடானம் !!!  - As per Senkayan's instruction Mosi has done 3 samanar beds 

Then we proceeded towards Thondur via Mel Olakkur which was about 3 KM from Mel Olakkur.

THONDUR
Anandha Sayana Perumal was chiselled on a huge rock in the midst of paddy field. Perumal is in  anandha sayanam on Adhisheshan ( 5 hood snake )  keeping head on the left side which is rare. In the neck throat is not visible instead the surface is smooth. The ‘Greedam‘  is of Combodian style hence this was chiselled by Pallavas came from Combodia. This was built in the year 780 AD. In front Perumal’s concert in the form of Tablet. Inscriptions are there on the back.  but are not legible.  
HOW TO REACH :

LOCATION OF THE PLACE:CLICK HERE
 Anandha Sayana Perumal  in the midst of paddy field.
Anandha Sayana Perumal – Un-usual posture head on the left side

It was over by 17.30 Hrs and  everybody has exhausted. Started our return journey to Chennai Via Vandhavasi. Really it was a pleasant tour. Mr Ramanathan  had co-ordinated in a nice manner with good break fast and Lunch. Thanks to all the participants. My special thanks to Mr Ramachandran and vakula Varadharajan, who feed us the history of each places. I also extend thanks to REACH Mr Sathyamoorthy and J Chandra for organising such a wonderful tour.  


--- OM SHIVAYA NAMA : --- 

2 comments:

  1. excellent adventure cum divine tour sir,keep posting more about our great places and temples we will follow ur footsteps..

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thanks for posting this with beautiful photos & necessary narration. While reading, the readers will realize their own presence in these places.

    ReplyDelete