Thursday, 10 March 2016


10th March, 2016.
I was not very serious of attending the Mahamaham  to be held at Kumbakonam once in 12 years  and this year it was  held between Feb 13th to 22nd, 2016.   One of my friend Mr Alex, called me on Mahamaham day  and asked me about my program.  Also people who could not take  a holy dip on Masi maga nakshatra day, can have the holy dip on any one of the day of Tamil  Masi Month ( February – March ). So planned to visit Kumbakonam on 13th March 2016. The procedure is after the holy dip  in all the 20 wells, we have to take the holy dip in Portramai Kulam and River Kaveri.  During  Feb 13th to 22nd water in the Cauvery was released from Kallanai. During Mahamaham festival water spray arrangement was made on all 20 wells.  The 12 Shiva temples and 5 Vaisnava temples of Kumbakonam used to join  and celebrate this Mahamaha festival.

A brief history of the Mahamaham is as follows.....
All the 20 rivers went to Shiva and  wants to purify themselves from the sins absorbed by them from the human beings, after taking holy dip in the rivers. Shiva advised  all to take bath in the Mahamaha tank on the Mahamaham day where the amirtha was fell  in to the tank, and get relieved from the sins.

How the mahamaha day is calculated... The  day is decided  as per the astrological position : During the full moon day of Tamil month Masi, when the conjunction of  moon with the lunar asterism ( Maga Nakshathra )  and when the Jubitor is in constellation of Leo. This festival occurs  when the sun is in the Zodiacal sign of the Aquarius ( Kumbha ). The Jupiter transit to  Leo ( Simha) and the moon is conjunction with the constellation Maham.  Generally all these astronomical  combination takes place on a full moon day of  Tamil month Masi  ( Solar Kumbh month ) ie. Latter part of February or first part of March, once in 11 to 12 Years.

There is a story how the amirtha fell in to the Mahamaha Tank... the story goes likes this ... At the end of the Thuvabra yuga before starting of Kali yuga, Brahma put samples of all living beings in a pot ( Kumbam ) of Amirtha and kept  on the top of mount meru. After the pralayam, the pot/ kumbam floated in the water and reached Kumbakonam. Lord Shiva as a hunter broke the pot  with his bow and arrow.  The mouth that fallen on the place is called as Kudavasal,  The centre of pot that fallen  is called as Thirukkalayanallur and the bottom fallen  place is called as Kumbakonam.  The amirtha fell in  Mahamaha tank and the Portramai Kulam.

On reaching Kumbakonam, my friends Mr Alex and Mr Madham takes care of me and they took me to all the three theertha tanks and Sri Sakkarapani Temple, Sri Sarangapani Temple and Sri Someswarar Temple and finally dropped me at Thiruvisanallur.

The tank is in octagonal shape ( Kumbha shape )  with steps. There are 20 wells dedicated to the 20 holy rivers via.  It is believed that  holy water springs out of each well.  There 16 mandapas and a Nava Kannika Temple,   built around the Mahamaha Tank.  The tank spreads an area of 6.2 acres.  Govinda Theekshitan of Nayaka’s chieftain constructed the Mahamaham tank with steps and 16 mandapam’s on the banks of the tank.  
Mahamaham Vaishna temples and theerthavari route map
Mahamaham Tank – devotees are taking the holy dip 
Mahamaham Tank – devotees are taking the holy dip 
A mandapam with a temple on the banks of Mahamaham tank – on the background is the Kailasanathar temple 
A mandapam with a temple on the banks of Mahamaham tank  
Mahamaham Tank – devotees are taking the holy dip 
Mahamaham Tank – devotees are taking the holy dip 

Mr Alex friend of mine who takes care of me during the mahamaham yathra 

This temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and the temple is located near Mahamham Tank.
Iraivan                : Sri Chakkarapani
Thayar / Iraivi     : Sri Vijayalakshmi Thayar.
Some of the important features of this temple are....
  1. Sannadhi for Vinayagar, Pancha Muga Anjaneyar in the outer prakaram.
  2. Thayar is in a separate sannadhi.
  3. The history of the temple goes like this... Mahavishnu – Sri Sarangapani sent his disc to destroy the demon Jalandarasura. After killing the Chakkara  came and rest on Brahma who was doing yagna  on the banks of river Cauvery. On seeing the brightness of  Chakkara Sun increases it’s brightness and all the sun’s brightness was observed by Chakkara.  On seeing this Sun surrendered to Chakkara and Built a temple and worshiped.
  4. The place where, Chakkara reappeared after killing demon  is called as Chakkara Padithurai on the banks of River Cauvery.
  5. The sanctum was built on an elevated place with steps. It has two entrances, one is called as Dhatchinaya Vayil and other is called as Utharavana Vayil and  both are alternatively kept open for darsan  for six months.
  6. Moolavar is in the form of Chakkara with three eyes like Lord Shiva and also called as ChakkaraRaja.
  7. The temple was built during 16th century by Nayakars reign.
  1. The temple is kept open between 07.00 hrs to 12.00 hrs  and 16.00 hrs to 20.00 hrs.
  1. The land line no  0435 – 2403284 may be contacted for further details.
Moolavar vimanam view through grill work
Inside view of  Rajagopuram, Palipedam and Dwajasthambam 
Temple entrance arch with Dwajasthambam 
Temple entrance arch with Dwajasthambam 
Rajagopuram with old hand made tiled house  
..............To be continued.

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