27th August 2017.
The last stop before meals was at the Pallava Period rock cut cave temple, Vallam, Chengalpattu. These three, 6th to 7th century cave temples excavated by the Pallava King Mahendravarman –I on a small hillock facing east. The steps to the cave temple was constructed in 2002. Some of the important features of this rock cut cave temples are...
The lower level single cell cave shrine dedicated to Vishnu as Karivaradharaja Perumal with Sridevi and Bhoodevi. The cell has the Dwarabalakas reliefs with identical postures. On the right side of the entrance is the Vishnu Durgai.
The upper level cave has the three cells with two square Pillars and two pillasters of which centre cell has been dedicated to Shiva and Nandhi is in front. The capital of the pillars are very simple. This cell is excavated deeply to accommodate Shiva linga, Sri Vethantheeswarar. Dwarabalakas are on the both sides of the cave entrance with snakes tied on their hip. The dwarabalakas has horns is an unique feature. On the right cell is Ambal Ganambigai in standing posture. And the left cell is dedicated to Subramaniyar with Valli devasena. In the front mandapam, Muthukumaraswamy, Thavvai with manthan & Agnimatha, Nagars, Dhakshinamurthy and Sandikeswarar.
On the out side of the cave Vinayagar relief is on the left and Thavvai relief in the right. Un like Mahabalipuram, the cave has the 7nos of Pallava Period Tamil inscriptions. The front concrete mandapam was built at a latter date.
There is an intermediate cave in which stucco images of Shiva, Parvathy worshiping shiva, etc. Materials are dumped in this cave with front concrete structure was built at a latter date.
It was told that Chozha King Koperumsingan donated for the burning of perpetual lamp and Rajathirajan donated gold to this temple to conduct regular poojas. Prathosham is conducted regularly.
The 13th century Chozha King Koperunsingan’s inscription says about the donation made to burning of a perpetual lamp.
The temple gurukkal opens only in the evening hours and hence it is advised to contact the gurukal before going to this temple. But can be viewed through grill gates.
M Chellappa Gurukkal may be contacted futher details and the mobile number is +9944372894.
HOW TO REACH:
This cave temple is about 3 KM distance from Chengalpattu Bus stand and Railway station.
Share autos are available from Bus stand.
Buses from Stand to Thirukazhukundram passes through the place called Chinna Melayur and about a KM off the main road.
Vishnu Karivaradharaja Perumal at Lower cave
Thavvai – Jyeshta Devi
---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---