Thursday, 3 August 2017

SRI NARASIMHASWAMY ROCK CUT CAVE TEMPLE AT NAMAKKAL – A HERITAGE VISIT.

27th July 2017.
After dharshan of Sri Anjaneyar, Mr Srinivasan joined with us at Sri Narasimhaswamy temple, We went round the temple observing various sculptures and reliefs.

Moolavar : Sri Narasimhaswamy
Thayar    : Sri Namagiri Thayar

Some of the important details of this temple are…
The  temple is facing west on the west side of the hill with semi finished Rajagopuran with arch. Sannadhi for Namalvar, Ramar, Udayavar, Lakshmi Narasimhar. There is no vimana over the sanctum since this sanctum is a rock cut cave. The sanctum has three cells with 5 panels of Vishnu’s various avathars.

The first panel on the left is the Vaikuntha Narayana Perumal where Vishnu  as Vaikuntha seated on five hooded Ananta or Adisesha with one leg folded and the other leg raised. Discus and conch are on the upper hand. Balanarasimha reveals to the gods, that he will destroy Asura King Hiranyakasibu ( who was a Dwarabalaka in his previous birth to Vishnu ) in the form of man- Lion.
( Photos from Web site Thanks to the un known photographer )

In the left of centre panel the Ugra Narasimha in which Narasimhar tears Hiranyakasibu with his nails,  keeping him on his lap and mouth wide open. The Upper hand holds the Chakra, Conch, Sword and bow. This is as per the boon obtained from Brahma, that he should not be killed by a man or animal, inside or out side, Day or night with out any weapon.
( Photos from Web site Thanks to the un known photographer )

In the centre panel the seated Narasimha is the principle deity of this cave who is under worship. Shiva ( Rudra ) on his right and Brahma on his left. Near the head are Sun ( Surya ), Chandra ( Moon ), Sanaka and Sanandana in flying posture. Lakshmi is not shown in this Panel instead the Bhattar shows the Lakshmi in the ornament which Narasimhar is wearing.
( Photos from Web site Thanks to the un known photographer )

To the right of the principle deity, the  panel is the Varaha or Boar avathara of Vishnu, rescued Mother earth  from the demon Hiranyaksha. This theme is being followed by Guptha, Chalukya, Pallava and other early dynasties. There is a separate rock cut cave at Mahabalipuram exclusively for Varaha. The Disciples of Lord Dhakshinamurthy  Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanatana and Sanathkumara also mentioned here as they sang hymns in praise of Vishnu.
( Photos from Web site Thanks to the un known photographer )

On the right side is the Thiruvikrama panel in which Vamana ( dwarf ) avathara of Vishnu describes the event of King Mabali gifting 3 foot land to Vamana without listening to his guru Sukracharya. His right leg is up showing the sky as the second step and Bali’s head as third step.
( Photos from Web site Thanks to the un known photographer ) 

Though this cave temple resemble the architectural style of Pallava dynasty, but belongs to 8th Century Adiyaman rulers of Kongu region. As per the inscriptions found on the walls  describe the Ranganatha temple as Atiyanaatha Vishnu graham, a shrine built by the Atiya King Gunasila. Another inscription refers to the Atiyendra Vishnu graham and to the Atiya Kula. But most of the people including Bhattar tells us that the caves were excavated during Pallava Period.  The front mandapas are extended during Vijayanagara Period at a latter periods.

TEMPLE TIMINGS:
The temple will be kept opened between 07.30 Hrs to 13.00 Hrs and 16.30 Hrs to 20.30 Hrs.

CONTACT DETAILS:
Contact land line and mobile numbers are +914286 233999 and +91 0443826099.

HOW TO REACH:
Bus facilities are available from major cities of Tamil Nadu.
The temple is about a km distance from Bus stand and lot of share autos are available from arch.

LOCATION:CLICK HERE







 Front mandapam has the relief of cow milking on Shiva lingam in a Vishnu Temple

 The temple  mandapam might have been constructed by these husband and wife 
 What is this emblem ?
 What is this emblem ?
 The Chariot under renovation 
 The Chariot under renovation 
The Chariot under renovation
---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---  

1 comment:

  1. Thank you very much for creating interest about temples and Indian culture.

    ReplyDelete