Thursday, 1 September 2016

THE ADYAR – A CULTURAL MAPPING, ONE DAY TRIP TO THE TEMPLES AND HERITAGE SITES ON THE BANKS OF RIVER ADYAR. St. THOMAS MOUNT NATIONAL SHRINE

A Continuation to the previous post.
27th August 2016.
Our first stop after a good lunch at Balaji Bhavan at Chrompet/ Pallavarm was at St Tomas mount. We missed the way to the Garision Church, since the old road through cantonment was closed. Left our van at the parking lot and climbed to the top. During my previous trip they allowed to take vehicle till top of the hill. It was drizzling . After  hearing brief details of the shrine and William  Lambton  from our young guide Nandan we went around the shrine.

St. THOMAS MOUNT NATIONAL SHRINE
Some of the details of the St. Thomas shrine are ….
  1. The details below are taken from the leaflet purchased from the shrine stall, there may be some controversies about the years, which I am not interested. 
  2. The St, Thomas mount is 300 feet above the sea level. 
  3. There are 135 granite steps constructed  in the year 1726, by Coja Petrus Uscan an Armenian, who constructed the Marmalong bridge of Saidapet. 
  4. The shrine was constructed  in the year 1523 dedicated to mother Marry and named as  "SENHORA DA EXPECTRACAO” ( Expected mother’s shrine) by Portuguese.
  5. St. Thomas’s rib bone is kept in a vessel  at the centre of the cross.
  6. Blood starins are observed from the cross, made by St. Thomas on 18th December 1558 and last seen was  during the year 1704. The inscription the cross was translated during the year 1908 and read as ‘ Messiah brought  peace through this cross”.
  7. It was believed that the paintings of Mother marry, belongs to the year 50 CE and  Jesus Christ in the year 1727.
  8. There are two tombs at the entrance of the shrine dated 1759 and 1764.
  9. There is also a banyan  tree which is estimated to be of more than 175 years old with Jesus ( has no home ) lying under the cover of a cloth.
  10. It was told that Pope John Paul visited the shrine during his visit to madras, whose statue is also installed on the top of the hill.
  11. Willaim Lambtons’s statues is under the banyan tree and the same was installed  during the year 2011.

LOCATION OF THE SHRINE :CLICK HERE

















WILLAM LAMBTON
Apart from the Mother Marry’s Shrine there is a statue of William Lambton unveiled in the year 2011. The details of this statue are ..
  1. Lieutenant Colonal William Lambton , FRS was a soldier, Surveyor and a geographer. He began a triangular survey in 1800  for 2 years., was latter called as Trigonometrical survey of India. His initial survey was to measure the length of a degree of an arc of the meridian, so as to establish the shape of the earth and support a larger scale trigonometrical   survey across the width of peninsula of India from Madras. He continued northwards and died in Maharastra. He was succeeded by his assistant George Everest, which was approved by Clive. 
  2. Madras base line began in the year 1802 and expected to complete in 5 years, but it took 70 years to complete the project till Mount Everest. 
  3. It was told that the three points of the triangular are St Thomas Mount, Pallavaram and Race Course. 


To be Continued…..

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