Thursday, 5 March 2015

IN SEARCH OF HISTORY – PART 2. VIJAYAMANGALAM, SEENAPURAM AND THINGALUR IN KURUPPA NADU OF KONGU MANDALAM ( PRESENT ERODE DISTRICT )

5th March 2015.
On 27th February and 1st March 2015, I had been to Vijayamangalam, Seenapuram and Thingalaur, once dominated by Jains. Visited to these places utilizing the opportunity of a tour to my native place. 

VIJAYAMANGALAM
Vijayamangalam was once a capital of Kongu Nadu  and it was also capital for Kuruppa Nadu, one of  the 24 sub divisions ( as Nadu ) of Kongu mandalam. Kuruppa nadu was once flourished with Jains and their Culture. The purpose of my visit was to peep in to the old culture. Once the Jains dominated places in Kuruppa Nadu are Vijayamangalam, Thingalur, Seenapuram, Chengappalli, Nirambaiyur. Of these  Chengappalli  does not have trace of Janism and Nirambaiyur has vanished from the map. The Tamil grammar  ‘Nannul’ was written by Bhavanandhi was from Seenapuram, ‘Silapathikara urai’ author  Adiyarkku Nallar was from Nirambaiyur, ‘Perungadhai’ was written by Kongivelir  and Kongu sathagam was written by ‘Karmeka Pulavar’. All are from Kongumandalam, Kuruppa Nadu. Also silamoortham of 5 sanga Pulavars with olai suvadi in their hands are available at the Vijayamangalam Jain temple. Hence present Tamil scholars strongly believes that there might be a Tamil sangam at Vijayamangalam. The  ‘Kuruppa nadu’ has an influence in today’s culture also. This is used during Betrothal ceremonies and also in worshiping of Kuladeivam. ( One such recent kalvettu photo is uploaded in this post. )

In olden days it was a business centre. The foreign coins were unearthed during ASI excavation.  Latter the main profession in Vijamangalam was weaving. About 50 years before the handloom weaving was in full swing in Velliraveli, Devanampalayam, Veerasankali, Vijayamangalam, Kaikolapalayam, etc. The weaving was mainly done by the Mudaliyars, a caste in Tamil Nadu.  The mudaliyars are also called as ‘Kaikolar’ and the place Kaikolapalayam was named after them.  My father as a  carpenter was associated with the weavers   for rectification of hand looms. I still remember during my school days I used to make the accessories like ‘Thari kattai’ and sell the same  @ 1 ana per pair.  After the industrial revolution the handlooms has become obsolete. From My native Pappavalasau, reached Vijayamangalam through the above places, where I heard the power looms sound.

SRI CHANDRA PRABHA THEERTHANGAR TEMPLE  
Main Deity : Sri Chandra Praba Theerthangar. ( 8th Theerthangarar )
Some of the important features of this temple are...
  1. The temple is under the control of ASI and pojjas are conducted from the Tamil nadu Govt’s one kala pooja scheme.
  2. Vilakku thoon or the Garuda thoon ( Top portion damaged ) is at the entrance of the temple.
  3. The temple is facing south with a 3 tier Rajagopuram on the south side.( Local people used to call this as nettai kopuram and the temple as Amneswrar temple ).
  4. The temple was built during 10th century.
  5. In the front maha mandapam Adhinathar’s birth story is carved in the form of relief or pudai sirpam.
  6. There is a pillar ( relocated ) installed with inscriptions on one side and Mahaveerar and Puliammai’s reliefs on the other side. The inscription says ‘Sri Samundarayan ‘s thangai Puliammai Nisethigai Kal’. Jain munis/ monks attained mukthi after ( sallekanai/ anasana) observing fast.
  7. In the inner mandapam sannadhi for Kushmandini ( Dharma Devi). Moothangal of 5 sanga Pulavarkal with palm leves in their left hand.
  8. In the arthamandapam sannadhi for Mahaveerar and Adhinatha Theerthangarar.
  9. In the sanctum Sri Chandra paraba Theerthangar ( the mootham was stolen and presently there is no moortham ).
  10. There is a mandapam with out roof on the east side.
  11. There is a un installed Nagar moortham on the east side wall.
HOW TO REACH :
  1. Vijamangalam is on the way to Erode, Perundurai to Coimbatore.
  2. Town bus facility is available from Perundurai.
CONTACT DETAILS :
  1. Akshayakumar and V S Nagakumar +91 873175546
LOCATION OF THE TEMPLE :CLICK HERE
  3 tier Rajagopuram with Garudathoon ( Damaged ) - People used to call this as nettai gopuram
 Temple view from mandapam 
 Sri Candra Prabhu  sannadhi vimanam 
 A single stone window jolly works
 Mandapam base relief 
 Relief 
 Dilapidated mandapam  
 Mahaveerar ?
 An Un-installed Nagar Relief
 East side entrance - in front of Dharma Devi sannadhi 
 Adhi nathar in Arthamandapam 


  Kodungai reliefs - Adhinathars History 
 Kodungai reliefs - Adhinathars History 
 Kodungai reliefs  - Adhinathars History 
   Kodungai reliefs  - Adhinathars History 
Kodungai reliefs  - Adhinathars History 
 Rajagopuram ceiling relief
Palipedam with mandapam 
 Reliefs - Rajagopuram
 East side door epigraph 
 East side door- epigraph 
Puliammai's Nesithigaikal- epigraph 
SRI NAGESWARASWAMY SHIVA TEMPLE
Iraivan : Sri Nageswararswamy
Iraivi    : Sri Govarthanambigai
Some of the important features of this temple are...
  1. Nagars under a Bodhi ( Arasamaram ) tree in front of the temple.
  2. The Rajagopuram is under construction and in front there is a vilakkuthoon or Garuda thoon.
  3. The temple is facing west, since the temple was built by a Kelrala Chera  Kings. ( To face their direction )
  4. In mahamandapam Sannadhi for Sri Valli Deivanai samedha Sri Subramaniyar, Bairavar, a Big size Nagar and 5 Shiva Lingams of Panchabootha sthalangal and Sandikeswarar.
  5. In koshtam Ganapathy, Dhakshinamurthy, Durgai, Lingothbavar, Brahma.
  6. Dwarabalakars are beautiful. Man and Mazhu on the left side dwarabalakr and soolam and damaru on the right side dwarabalakar.
  7. Urchavamoorthangal and Saba in the front mandapam.
  8. The temple is under renovation  and Sapthamathakkal are removed and kept separately.
  9. Ambal is in a separate temple and facing west. This was built during 12th century.
  10. Lot of epigraph around the sanctum wall. The temple was built during 11th century.
HOW TO REACH :
  1. Vijamangalam is on the way to Erode, Perundurai to Coimbatore.
  2. Town bus facility is available from Perundurai.
CONTACT DETAILS :
  1. Sri Shunmuga Subramania Gurukkal and mani Gurukkal  +919488152412.
LOCATION OF THE TEMPLECLICK HERE
 Ambal Temple Vimanam with moolavar vimanam 
 Moolavar Vimanam 
Ambal Temple Vimanam with moolavar vimanam 
South east corner mandapam 
 Sapthamathakkal
 Sandikeswarar
 Nagars
Vinayagar with Dwarabalakar
 Garudathoon 
 Rajagopuram under construction 
Vinayagar and nagars under Arasamaram
Old Compound wall
 Epigraph 
Epigraph 
SRI KARIVARADHARAJA PERUMAL TEMPLE
Some of the important features of this temple are...
  1. This temple is called as Chithramezhi Vinnagaram Arulmigu Sridevi Boodevi Samedha Sri karivaradharajaperumal.
  2. The temple is facing east with Garudathoon is in front.
  3. There is no Rajagopuram and only small mandapam with arch.
  4. The temple is at a lower place than the outside.
  5. Garudalvar is in a small mandapam.
  6. In the front mandapam only Ganapathy.
  7. In the maha mandapam Veera Anjaneyar, Thirumangai Alwar, Sri Visvaksenar, Sri namalvar and Sri Ramanujar.
  8. In the arthamandapam dwarabalakars are only big size Nagars. This shows that the Kongu region Nagars are worshiped generally.
  9. In the sanctum Sridevi and Boodevi Samedha Sri Karivaradharajaperumal.
  10. The temple was constructed during 12th century. Epigrapghs are available at the base of the sanctum outside wall.
HOW TO REACH :
  1. Vijamangalam is on the way to Erode, Perundurai to Coimbatore.
  2. Town bus facility is available from Perundurai.
CONTACT DETAILS :
  1. Sri N T Narayanan, Mobile number 9844841901
LOCATION OF THE TEMPLE :CLICK HERE
 Front mandapam 
 Main shrine
 Moolavar vimanam 
 Palipedam with periya thiruvadi- Garudalvar
Vilakku thoon / Garuda Thoon 
 Epigraphs 
Epigraphs
SRI VIJAYAPURI AMMAN TEMPLE
Main Diety : Sri Vijayapuri Amman.
Some of the important features of this temple are...
  1. This temple was built after Vishnu temple. The Rajagopuram and Vimanam was built recently keeping the original sanctum wall and kumbhabhishekam was also conducted.
  2. The garudathoon and oonjal are at front of Rajagopuram
  3. The Rajagopuram is of 5 tiers. And the temple is facing north.
  4. In the prakaram sannadhi for Kannimoolaganapathy and karupparayan.  
  5. In outer mandapam there is no silamoorthangal.
  6. In the arthamandapam Adhi Amman and Saptha matahakkal in a  single stone.
  7. There is no epigraph available.
  8. The pudai sirpangal or the reliefs various forms are on the sanctum outside wall.
HOW TO REACH :
  1. Vijamangalam is on the way to Erode, Perundurai to Coimbatore.
  2. Town bus facility is available from Perundurai.
CONTACT DETAILS :
LOCATION OF THE TEMPLE :CLICK HERE
Recently constructed Rajagopuram
 Garuda thoon 
Nagars & Vinayagar under banyan tree
Vimanam 
 Reliefs on out side karuvarai wall
 Reliefs on out side karuvarai wall
 Reliefs on out side karuvarai wall
 Reliefs on out side karuvarai wall - Related to sthala purana of Avinashi Temple 
 Reliefs on out side karuvarai wall
 Reliefs on out side karuvarai wall
 Reliefs on out side karuvarai wall
 Reliefs on out side karuvarai wall
Reliefs on out side karuvarai wall
To be continued...
--- OM SHIVAYA NAMA :---

2 comments:

  1. Amazing insight. Grateful. May God bless you with all energy and support to explore many such temples and share your experiences to the Believers and History lovers. Seenapuram mentioned in your article could probably have been "Jeenapuram" meaning city of Jains, which later would have become Seenapuram. Thanks again.

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  2. Jeenapuram, makes sense. Thx ARK.

    Mr.Velu, thanks for sharing details of your temple visits & so much of information that's not very well known. These temples need to be preserved & renovated by ASI & donators for the sake of our ancient roots.

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