18, February 2015.
We have traveled from the pre-historic to the latest epigraphic places around Gingee near Thiruvannamalai on 15th February 2015. The Jain religion was spread widely between Kanchipuram and Thiruvannamalai. Thirunathar Kundru, Nekanurpatti, Nekanur, Thondur are the places we visited Through R.E.A.C.H foundation and was guide by Mr Ramachandran, The Epigraphist and Mr Vakula Varadharajan, the historian. During the journey we had learned a lot from Mr Ramachandran & Mr Vakula Varadharajan. They explained the history importance of each place.
As usual we have started our journey late by 30 minutes. On the way we had our breakfast and purchased fresh vegetable from a farm at a cheaper rate. Our journey route was Mel Sithamoor Gingee – Thirunathar Kundru- Gingee- Nekanur patti – Mel Olakkur – Thondur. The details are as follows.
- We visited Sri Bhagavan Parshvannath, a Jain Temple managed by Jena Kanchi Jain Mutt.
- The temple looks like a Hindu temple with Rajagopuram, Dwajasthambam, Palipeedam, Manasthambam moolavar vimanam, Dwarabalakar at the entrance of sanctum, etc,.
- Sannadhis for Sri Dharma Devi, Sri Neminath the 20th Theerthangarar, relative to Lord Sri Krishan, Sri Brahma Devar, Sri Jena Vani, Sri Gananathar, Sri Padmavathy Devi with snake hood above head, Sri Jwala Malini Devi, and navagrahas not the Suryan, Sani etc.
- The Temple was built after 13th century. But a recent year’s epigraph is available at the entrance of Rajagopuram.
- The archakar recites mantras in Sanskrit.
- On two places pot of water was kept for pigeon. Mr Vakula Varadharajan pointed out that one portion of the vimanam is called as Kabuthar means pigeon in Hindi, where pigeon used to stay.
- On the Thindivanam to Thiruvannamalai, before Gingee a place called Vallam, Nattarmangalam Koot Road from there Mel Chitamur is 2 KM
Rajagopuram, Palipedam, Dwajasthambam and Sri Parsuvathar sannadhi vimanam on the right
Sri Parsuvanathar Sannadhi
Sri Dharma Devi Sannadhi
Chakra relief on the Dwajasthambam base.
- This is a Jain's monument under the control of Archaeological Survey of India ( ASI ) on a Kundru with recently laid steps to climb up.
- There is a Brammi epigraph and a Vatteluthu epigraph. The 8th century epigraph describes that a Jain monk called Eesura Badarar passed away after 30 days fasting without food and water.
- The Brammi epigraph of 6th century describes that a Jain Monk called Chandra nandhi passed away 57 days fasting without food and water.
- There is a natural cave. Near that there are 24 Theerthangars reliefs on a big rock.
- The place Thirunathar Kundru is on the Gingee to Singavaram main road.
Climbing up to the Kundru
TAMIL VATTEZHU INSCRIPTION (One reads as
ஐம்பத் தேழன சனந நோற்ற சந்திர நந்தி ஆ சீரீகரு நிசீதிகை (Chandira nandhi Jain monk who passed away after 57 days fasting. This is in Tamil Vattezhu.)
முப்பது நாளன சன நோற்ற இஸிர படாரர் நிசீதிகை ( The Jain monk who passed away after 30 days fasting - This is Tamil Vatteluthu)
24 Theethangar’s relief
This place is called as ‘ADUKKU MALAI’ otherwise Adukkuparai by the locals. There is no proper approach road to this place. At one point our van got struck up between two rocks and we have reached the spot by walk.
- This is monument is a three individual big rocks sitting one after the another.
- The Brammi script is available on the base big rock. The inscription describes the construction of school. The epigraph is a 4th century one.
- Under the big rock there is prehistoric painting. Still looks good in white colour. This is estimated to be of 1000 BC.
- There is no fencing to safe guard this monument and there is no sign or warning board.
- The Place Nekanur patti is on the Road Melakkalvai to Neganur, turn right before right and the Adukku parai a about 2 KM.
LOCATION OF THE PLACE : CLICK HERE(About construction of a school by his anni (brother's wife ))
The Pre-historic paintings 1000 BCE
Murugan temple between rocks
We had our lunch under a neem tree on the road side. The local ladies helped us with water to wash our hands. After lunch we proceeded towards Thondur through the villages – Nekanur – Eechur – Amma Kulam – Mukkunam – Mel Olakkur. At Mel Olakkur we had seen two reliefs installed on the road side.
- The one is Jeasta Devi ( Moodevi or Mootha Devi ) with her daughter Agni matha and her son Nandhi devar Locals calls this as Durgai Amman or a Ellai Amman ( Limit point for the village ).
- The other one is a Three warriors holding sword and kedayam. This is a Nadukal for the warriors who lost their lives in a war.
- This is very much similar to the relief found at Chunambedu.
- As per the historians both reliefs are of 6th century.
Jesta Devi with her daughter Agni Matha and Son Nandhi devar
A Nadu kal for warriors
PASUMALAI PADUKAI. ( THONDUR )
- This is a Jains monument with a Jain monk relief and 3 beds.
- The Brammi inscriptions are not legible to read. From the document The samanar beds are chiselled by Mosi as per the instruction of Senkayan.
- The brammai inscriptions are between 200 to 300 AD .
The three Pasumalai padukai ( Bed )
The Epigraph is not legible
Document of the Epigraph ( first one )
ஸேந்காயியன் ஏவ அகழ் ஊரறம் மோசி செயித அதிடானம் !!! - As per Senkayan's instruction Mosi has done 3 samanar beds
Then we proceeded towards Thondur via Mel Olakkur which was about 3 KM from Mel Olakkur.
Anandha Sayana Perumal was chiselled on a huge rock in the midst of paddy field. Perumal is in anandha sayanam on Adhisheshan ( 5 hood snake ) keeping head on the left side which is rare. In the neck throat is not visible instead the surface is smooth. The ‘Greedam‘ is of Combodian style hence this was chiselled by Pallavas came from Combodia. This was built in the year 780 AD. In front Perumal’s concert in the form of Tablet. Inscriptions are there on the back. but are not legible.
HOW TO REACH :
LOCATION OF THE PLACE:CLICK HERE
Anandha Sayana Perumal in the midst of paddy field.
Anandha Sayana Perumal – Un-usual posture head on the left side
It was over by 17.30 Hrs and everybody has exhausted. Started our return journey to Chennai Via Vandhavasi. Really it was a pleasant tour. Mr Ramanathan had co-ordinated in a nice manner with good break fast and Lunch. Thanks to all the participants. My special thanks to Mr Ramachandran and vakula Varadharajan, who feed us the history of each places. I also extend thanks to REACH Mr Sathyamoorthy and J Chandra for organising such a wonderful tour.
--- OM SHIVAYA NAMA : ---