Sunday, 25 June 2017

SRI CHANDIKESWARA TEMPLE – HAMPI RUINS, A HERITAGE VISIT

..... a continuation post to Sri Udanna Virabhadrarar temple 
19th June 2017.
This temple and is very near to Sri Uadanna Virabhadrar temple dedicated to Chandikeswara facing east. Originally this was dedicated Vishnu called Thiruvengalanatha. The sanctum sanctorum consists of sanctum, antarala, mahamandapa and muka mandapa.  We could see  lot of vaishnava related reliefs on the pillars like Hanuman, Garuda, Balakrishna, Kamadhenu, Srinivasa, Vamana, Yasodha churning milk etc,. There is a petam with Garuda's relief in the sanctum. The super structure of the sanctum was built with brick and stucco images of Vaishnava. Thayar sannadhi is on the north west corner. A Pillared cloister runs round the two sannadhis.  Then how this temple was called as Chandikeswara Temple, do not know.

A Nandhi is sitting in  the mandapam and a Shiva Lingam also installed in one of the sannadhi. There is an Ambal sannadhi built at a latter stage is on the left side of the moolavar sannadhi.

LOCATION: CLICK HERE



 Sanctum View from bottom 




 Sanctum


Muka mandapam
...... to be continued
---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---

UDDANA VIRABHADRA TEMPLE – HAMPI RUINS, A HERITAGE VISIT

..... a continuation post to Krishna Temple 
19th June 2017.
This temple is very close to monolithic Lakshmi Narasimhar temple facing north. This is one of the living temples in Hampi Ruins, dedicated to Sri Virabhadra a form of Lord Shiva also called as Muddanna or Mudu Viranna by the locals. Moolavar is called as Uddana Virabhadra standing 3.6 metes tall with 4 arms. Virabhadrar holds arrow, Khadga ( dragger ), bow and shield. The small image of Dhaksha woth goat’s head stands on the right side of Sri Virabhadrar. As per the inscriptions the moolavar Mudu Viranna was installed by Dalavayi Jangamayya in 1545 AD in the reign of Tuluva Dynasty.

The sanctum sanctorum consists of sanctum, an antarala and  a sabhamantapa. The Nandhi is installed in antarala and also Uma maheswari, Ganesha and a unique lingam called Sarvanga Linga.

In addition to this there are three hero stones on front of Deppa sthambam, of these two nos are in worship.

LOCATION :CLICK HERE




 Hero stones

  
Hero stones
...... To be continued Sri Chandikeswara Temple.

---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---

Saturday, 24 June 2017

KRISHNA TEMPLE – HAMPI RUINS, A HERITAGE VISIT

19th June 2017.
This Krishna temple is very close to SasiveKalu Ganesha temple  with a sacred tank and a bazaar in front for selling groceries which functioned on every Mondays and before ruins. The temple is facing east.  It is one of the majestic temples built by Krishnadevaraya in 1513 AD. As per the inscriptions Balakrishna brought from Udhayagiri in Orissa  was installed in the mandapam, latter the same was installed in Sanctum. 

The  east side Rajagopuram super structure now remains with 2 floors in dilapidated condition and renovation is in progress by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).  Stucco images of war scene of Kalinga (Udhayagiri) campaign of Krishnadevaraya.  On the ceiling of the Rajagopuram praveshadvara, two serpents on either side of moon are depicted and this relief is the representation Lunar and solar eclipse.

The sanctum Sanctorum consists of Sanctum, antarala, ardha mandapa and a maha mandapa. The inner prakaram around the sanctum has rich reliefs. The Vimanam above sanctum is of two tiers and round in shape. The Thayar sannadhi is on north-west direction of the premises and has sala vimana. There are sub sannadhis also  in the same complex. There are two more rajagoprams on south and north side, which  are in dilapidated condition.

LOCATION:CLICK HERE




North side Rajagopuram






Inscription



Stucco images of war scene of Kalinga (Udhayagiri) campaign of Krishnadevaraya.

Stucco images of war scene of Kalinga (Udhayagiri) campaign of Krishnadevaraya.


Inner prakaram wall reliefs

Symbolic representation of solar and Lunar eclipse

Krishna market

Krishna market
.... to be continued ( Uddana Virabhadrar temple )

---OM SHIVAYA NAMA--- 

SASIVEKALU GANESHA – HAMPI RUINS, A HERITAGE VISIT

19th June 2017.
The second day of our Hampi ruins  heritage Visit after breakfast  started with SasiveKalu Ganesha. ( the meaning of Sasikevalu in kannada is mustard seed ) This is on the way to Hospet to Hampi road, very near to Hampi bus terminus.  As per the inscriptions this monolithic four armed 2.4 meters tall Ganesha  was made by   the merchants from Andhra Pradesh during 16th century  from a single rock. Ganesha is sitting  on a pedestal inside a mandapam. The plain pillars supports a flat ceiling without any ornaments and super structure.  The sculptor carved Ganesha in such a manner that he is sitting on the lap of his mother Parvathi, touching belly on the pedestal.

LOCATION:CLICK HERE






..... to be continued ( Krishna ( Balakrishna ) Temple )

---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---

Friday, 23 June 2017

HEMAKUTA HILL & HEMAKUTA GROUP OF TEMPLES – HAMPI RUINS, A HERITAGE VISIT.

.... a Continuation post to Lakshmi Narasimhar Temple - Hampi Ruins, A Heritage Visit 
19th June 2017
We planned to visit this place little earlier before breakfast on the second day ie.  17th June 2017. It will be difficult to see these temples under the scorching sun after 9.00 hrs, since these are constructed on the rocky hill, which has no shade. These temples can be reached either from Krishna Temple or from Virupaksha temple. These temples predominantly having Pre-Vijayanagara character with enclosure of cyclopean wall with an entrance at north and east. The hill have about 30 temples with varying sizes and shapes are built between 09th to 16th century AD. These temples have single ( eka-kuta), two (dvi-kuta) and three ( tri-kutas) sanctums of pre-Vijayanagara architecture.

At the top of the hill there is a small Vijayanagara period temple has been identified as Mula Virupaksha Temple. It is believed that Lord Shiva meditated in this Sanctum Sanctorum and latter moved to the present Virupaksha temple.

Similar to the above tri-kuta Jain temple is there on the left side of the Shiva Temple the sanctums are empty now. There is a peculiar kalasam is on the top of a vimanam of the one sanctum made of stone.

Another tri-kuta temple on the eastern side has the inscription of Vira Kampiladeva, son of Mummadi Sineya Nayaka, The Kampili chief, built the Shivalaya and installed three Shiva Lingas. These temples has the three sanctums and a common arthamandapam and a front pravesha mandapa. The arthamandapa was built with cubical pillars and has the large corbels. In addition to this there are many single and two floor mandapas and a sunset view point.

LOCATION:CLICK HERE
 The original Sri Virupaksha Temple 





















Kadale Kalu Ganesha . few meters away from Vishnu pada shrine there is a sanctum sanctorum for monolithic Ganesha called Kadale Kalu ( Gram seed in kannada language ) Ganesha. This 4.5 meters high Ganesha was chiselled out of a huge boulder. The front elegant pillared mandpam has the early Vijayanagara style. The reliefs of daily life of a common man, Various deities, etc. Also the pillars has the pushpaodigai corbels.  The temple is dated back to 16th century AD.





For more photographs :CLICK HERE  
.... to be continued ( Sasivekalu Ganesha  ) 
--- OM SHIVAYA NAMA---