Thursday, 17 August 2017

ROCK ARTS & DOLMENS AT CHINNAR WILD LIFE SANTUARY, ALAMPATTY AND MARAYOOR – A HERITAGE VISIT.

14th August 2017.
Marayoor Heritage Visit  was scheduled on 13th August 2017. With high expectations of Rock Art Paintings and Dolmens of Marayoor, started our travelling from Valapady after our Hero stones and Neolithic Tools heritage visit in the tribal Villages of Kalvarayan hills to Udumalpet on 12th Aug 2017. We travelled via Salem, Erode, Tiruppur and  to Udumalpet.  It  was told that the last bus to Udumalpet from Tiruppur is 22.30 hrs. When we reached Tiruppur it was 23.00 and missed the last bus. But luckily we got the last bus to Valparai and reached Udumalpet, standing all the way around 01.30 Hrs. Mr Santhosh and Nandakumar booked a room and escaped from trouble of searching a room in the dark night. 

It was 09.00hrs on 13th August, 2017 ( scheduled time to depart from Udumalpet to Marayoor ), we gathered at Hotel room after having our breakfast and waited till 11.00 hrs to the last batch of 4 members to arrive. With a delay of 2 hours, we the 16 history enthusiasts started our travel to Marayoor through a Van. All the arrangements for the van and permission from the forest department were obtained by  Mr Sadasivam, a history enthusiast, archaeologist, etc.

ROCK ARTS AT CHINNAR WILD LIFE SANTUARY,  ALAMPATTY.
This guided tour is being conducted by the Tribal Tracker Eco Development Committee under Anamudi Forest Development agency & Kerala Forest and Wild life Department. After filling up the members list and payment of Rs 300 each, a Tribal guide took us   in side the Chinnar Wild Life Sanctuary.

There are about 25 shelters has the rock paintings of both white kaolin and Red ochre in Anamalai hills area.  Patty means a shelter for the cattle. Shelter might have been used for both humans and cattle.  We had seen the rock paintings in 4 shelters of which two shelters has the white Kaolin paintings  and other two are red ochre paintings. As per the experts, these paintings are estimated to be of 9000 to 10000 years old. The paintings expresses the prehistoric human beings, their culture, the knowledge, worship, customs etc. The paintings contains the images of man, women’s dance, animals like cow, buffalo, Deer, elephant etc. They had shown the wealth of their land in a symbolic way with markings. Some of the signs matches with the Indus script.
LOCATION:CLICK HERE

In this red ochre art two deers are drawn. The Guide told us that when the horn fallen down, till it grows the skin will become soft and even a thorn will be sufficient to kill it.   The name of the rock shelter is called as Madathala 


 The ritual followed before taking honey from a tree. – in Red Ochre

  Honey Comb -in Red Ochre

 A Man is praying - in Red Ochre



 Dancing ?- in white Kaolin

 The animal is shown with inner organs -in white Kaolin 

The Palm impression in white Kaolin 

DOLMENS AT ALAMPETTY & MARAYOOR
ALAMPATTY.
On the way to Rock Art Paintings inside the rock shelters, the guide showed us the Dolmens of smaller sizes covered on  three sides and top. The dolmens are in a group maximum of 3, 5 nos etc,.. It was told that each group of dolmens belongs to a family.






MARAYOOR ( MURUGAN HILL ) 
The Megalithic period ( Iron age ) Dolmens are erected on this Murugan Hill are 5000 years old ( As per ASI- a certificate is available at Panchayat office).  The Dolmens are of big in size of about 6 feet high (  height is about 1.4 meters to 1.7 meters  and 3.5 meters length),  behind the  Govt High School. It is estimated that at least 2500 to 3000 Dolmenoids erected from the base to the top of the hill. The Dolmenoids has several burial chambers may be belonged to  a single family.  Some of Chambers has the hole like opening either on East or west side. This indicates that the person died during Dakshinayana or uttrayana. It was believed that the dead man’s soul/ sprit will go through these hole like opening. Depending on the status of the dead, stone structure is created around the Dolmen. It is happy to note that the local body had taken interest to protect these dolmenoids and erected fence around them.
LOCATION:CLICK HERE 








 A Dolmen has the white kaolin painting – what is the meaning ? 


---OM SHIVAYA NAMA--- 

Wednesday, 16 August 2017

HERO STONES AND NEOLITHIC TOOLS, IN TRIBAL VILLAGES OF KALRAYAN HILLS, NEAR BELUR, SALEM – A HERITAGE VISIT.

14th August 2017.
Marayoor, Dolmens and Rock art  visit was planned on 13th Aug 2017, about two months before and booked the train ticket too. But the plan was changed last week, to visit Hero stones and Neolithic tools near Belur on Saturday,  12th Aug 2017 and proceed to Marayoor.  Travelled through bus from Perungalathur along with Raja, since we could not get the train tickets due short notice.  Found very difficult to get seat at Perungalathur due to heavy crowd. The reason was consecutively leave for 4 days  to many of the software industries and Offices. 

Boarded in a TNSTC,  Salem bus, Raja asked me to sit in the only one available seat  and he travelled sitting on floor till Valapady ( Sorry Raja ). Had our bath in a lodge at Valapady ( The Lodge charged us an exorbitant rate of Rs 200 for two hours stay that too only to take bath ). Dr Udhaya Shankar,  Srinivasan and Perumal joined with us  from Valapady. Hired a Maruti Omni and started our visit after breakfast, Our first stop was at Belur. Seen already these inscription stones during  Belur Heritage Walk organized by the Salem Historical Research Center. Most of the Hero stones and Neolithic stones are in the tribal Villages. Some of the Heroes were died due to hit of multiple arrows maximum of 5. 

I extend my sincere thanks to M/s Aaragalur Pon Venkatesan, Dr Ponnambalam, Kalai selvan, Srinivasan and Perumal of Salem Historical Research Center for providing me details and special thanks to Perumal for accompanying with us throughout our Heritage visit. 

MOOKKARUPPU INSCRIPTION STONE ( மூக்கறுப்பு நடுகல் ), AT BELUR.
This is the 17th century, Thirumalai Nayakar period  mookkaruppu inscription stone. The Kanthiruva Narasa of Mysore king under stood wrongly that Thirumalai Nayakar  was the key person for attacking Mysore  by Bijapur Sultan. So Mysore army under the leadership of Kembayya marched to Madurai. On the way to Madurai he cut the nose with upper lip of  those are found, including children. With the help of Ramanathapuram King Sethupathy, Thirumalai Nayakkar chased Kembayya away from the teritory. To take a revenge, of this  Thirumalai nayakar also send his brother Kumaramuthu Nayakar and he cut the nose with upper lips of those found on the way to Mysore. It was told that large amount of  gift was given for the upper lip with mustache.   
LOCATION:CLICK HERE


KOMARIKAL, AT BELUR
This inscription stone was erected for the cattle infected with disease After pooja to this inscription stone the cattle will made to circumambulate this stone to get cure from the disease. 
LOCATION:CLICK HERE

CHOZHA INSCRIPTION STONE, AT SRI ANGALAMMAN TEMPLE BELUR
This is a 10th century Chozha King Paranthaka-I's, 41st year rule inscription stone  ( partial ) unearthed during excavation. This has 8 lines  starts with ‘ஸ்வஸ்திஸ்ரீ மதிரையும் ஈழமுது கொண்ட கோப்பரகேசரி பன்மருக்கு”. This is the title of Paranthaka Chozha-I and it is an evidence that Belur region was under the direct rule of Chozha’s.
LOCATION:CLICK HERE

MENHIR & CAIRN CIRCLES AT THUMBAL
Though Dr. Ponnambalam couldn’t come along with us, arranged a person to show the Menhir and the Cairn circles at Thumbal. The menhir is about 6 feet high erected at the center of the Cairn circle. It was noticed that the menhir is under worship. There is a stone contains the reliefs of Ladies. Since this is erected very near to the cairn Circle with menhir, this may to show some rituals followed.  There were about 20 cairn circles on foot hills of Thumbal. All of them are disturbed. We used to the iron slags near Cairn Circles at various places like, Kodumanal, Thiruporur, Aamoor etc. But we could not see any iron slags at Thumbal.
LOCATION:CLICK HERE ( Very near to the Hospital )



INSCRIPTION STONE, THURUGOOR, SRI VALLAPA GANAPATHY TEMPLE.
The inscription stone belongs to Paranthaka Chozha Period. The inscription contains 19 lines speaks about the gold given as a penalty  to the temple  for burning a perpetual lamp for the Kalaiyankaali’s death due to clash between two villagers. The inscription starts with “ஸ்வத்ஸ்ரீ கோப்பரகேசரி பன்மற்கி யாண்டு நாலாவது துறவு நாட்டுதுருகூரும்…”
LOCATION:

HERO STONES, AATHUVALAVU
There are two hero stones erected under a tamarind tree. The third side inscription stone was fallen down. The inscription stone belongs to 10th Century Uthama Chozha Period. The inscription mentions the name of a person Chiruman who died during the process of recovering the cattle  from the  enemies and other persons name is not written. The inscription goes like this…ஸ்வஸ்திஸ்ரீ உத்தம சேழற்கு யாண்டெட்டாவது துறவி நாட்டு துருகூரிருந்து வாழும் முடாவச்சாத்தன் சிறுமன் நிரை மீட்டுப்பட்டான்…..
LOCATION:CLICK HERE



HERO STONE, AT YELUPULI ( ஏழுபுளி )
Based on the hair style and the relief projection, experts of the opinion that this hero stone may be belongs to Pallava Period. At the feet of the hero stone there are some Neolithic tools also. The Hero stone and the Neolithic tools are under worship.
LOCATION:CLICK HERE


HERO STONES, AT PUZHUTHIKUTTAI
These hero stones are in the midst of the beetle nut tree farm. Based on the style of inscriptions the experts of the opinion that these hero stones belongs to Chozha Period. The inscriptions are not readable and hence the details are not known. In the big Hero stone provision was chiseled for burning an oil lamp.
LOCATION:CLICK HERE


HERO STONE, CHINNAKUTTI MADUVU.
This hero stone is erected in the midst of the filed, and now in a slanting position due to age. Located in a beautiful location and seems awesome. The Photos,  details and Location will be up loaded after the article published.
LOCATION:CLICK HERE



NEOLITHIC TOOLS AT SRI MARIAMMAN TEMPLE AT, CHINNAKUTTI MADUVU.
Stone age tools are dumped at the Sri Mariamman Temple front mandapam. These tools includes stones used for sharpening the tools also. It was told that these tools are erected under the Vinayagar Statue. Reason for dumping here is not known.
LOCATION:CLICK HERE


SATI STONE, AT CHINNAKUTTI MADUVU.
This half buried Sati stone belongs to18th or 19th century. Erected in a field little before the village under an athi tree at  Chinnakutti Maduvu.  In the image a Man is shooting a tiger with his rifle. His wife is shown on his left. This is clear with eyes and eyebrows and a rifle, hence it belongs to latter period.
LOCATION:CLICK HERE

HERO STONES AT PERIYAKUTTI MADUVU
These hero stones belongs to Chozha period erected in the midst of the field in Erikadu  of Periyakutti maduvu. The 11th century bigger hero stone has the inscription on the side. The hero died due to hitting of 5 arrows. The hero was shown with sword on right hand and bow on the left hand, which shows that he must be a master of both. The hero’s name is Senan and belongs to Chandrathitha kula. Experts of the opinion that a caste formed combining both Chandra and Surya Kulas.  The Smaller Hero stone belongs to 12th century with out any inscriptions.
LOCATION:CLICK HERE 


NEOLITHIC TOOLS AT PERIYAKUTTI MADUVU
These Neolithic tools are erected along with Vinayagar and worshiped as Vinayagar Swamy. We could find various types and sizes of tools used by the stone age peoples.
LOCATION:CLICK HERE


HERO STONE AT SIRUMALAI.
This hero stone is without any image and has only the inscriptions. The Hero stone belongs to Kulothunga Chozhan–I, period. This hero stone was erected for the Chirumalai  soldier Aranamudayan Puyilan Senthan kesan who was killed in the war. This now stands on the boundary of a field.  Also we had seen some Neolithic tools under a tamarind tree trunk along with sharpening stones.
சிறுமலையில் நடந்த பூசலில் இறந்த தோட்டப் படப்பையை சேர்ந்த அரணமுடையான் புயிலன் செந்தன் கேசன் என்பவனுக்காக எடுக்கப்பட்ட நடுகல். கல் வெட்டின் வாசகங்கள் இதோ…

(திரி) புவநச் சக்க(ரவத்திகள்) ஸ்ரீ குலோத்துங் (க சோழ) தேவற்கு இயா(ண்)டு இரு (பத்)து நாலாவ(தி)ல் மகதை(நா)-டா(ழ்) வார்  சேலஞ்(சூ)ற்றிய் (இ)-னாட்டைச் சிறுமலையில் (கா)-ணத்தில் தோட் பக்க (ப்)-டப்பில் இருக்கும் அரணமு-டையான் புயிலன் சேந்த—ந் நான கேசந் எந் மண்ண-ழிய வந்திடத்தில் படை  .னய் காத மாறு கெடுத்து எய்த புயிலன் கேச-நேந் பட்டேந்..
LOCATION:CLICK HERE


---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---

Monday, 14 August 2017

SRI SATHYANARAYANA TEMPLE, ( SRI RAJA RAJESWAI TEMPLE COMPLEX ), NANGANALLUR ( NANGAI-NALLUR ), CHENNAI

06th August 207.
Nanganallur has  got name from  Sri Raja Rajeswari in the form of 16 years old young  girl – ( Nangai ) at 16th Street  Thillai Ganga Nagar, Nanganallur. Originally the place was called as Nangai-Nallur,  latter turned to  Nanganallur,  This Rajarajeswari temple with Sathyanarayana Temple is a Private temple of Sri Rajarajeswari Ashram ( AVR TRUST ) headed by Sri Rajagopala Swamikal.

This Sri Sathyanarayana Perumal temple is within the Sri Raja Rajeswari Temple complex. This temple was also constructed as per the direction of Sri Rajarajeswari. Sri Satyanarayana Perumal is installed on a 8 yanthras inscribed with eight letters.   The temple is facing west with a small dwajasthambam and Palipedam, Garudan is on the opposite. The shrine consists only sanctum and Vimanam. Around this Veera Anjaneyar and Navagrahas ( Not in regular positions ). On the pillars stucco images of 8 directions Gods.  

It is believed that by worshiping Lord Sri Sathya narayana Perumal, one will be relieved from Sarba thosham.

TEMPLE TIMINGS:
The temple will be kept opened between 06hrs to 2.00 hrs and 17.30hrs to 20.75 hrs.

CONTACT DETAILS:
AVR Trust may be contacted 98406 65956.

HOW TO REACH:
The temple is on the 16th street, Thillai Ganga Nagar, Nanganallur.
Very close to the NangaNallur subway which connects Mount Road.

LOCATION:CLICK HERE




 ---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---