Thursday, 4 August 2016

SANKAGIRI FORT A HERITAGE WALK – HINDU AND MUSLIMS TEMPLES / WORSHIPING PLACES - PART .3

04th August 2016
சங்ககிரி கோட்டை மரபு நடை...இல்லை..இல்லை. தினற வைத்த மலை ஏற்றம்...வழிபாட்டு தலங்கள் .கோட்டை முனீ ஸ்வரர் கோவில், வீரபத்திரர் கோவில், கோட்டை மாரியம்மன் கோயில், வரதராச பெருமாள் கோயில், முகமதியர் தொழுகை கூடமாகிவிட்ட இந்து கோவில் மண்டபம். இரகசிய வழியுடன், மழைகாலத்தில் அருவி பாயும் சூரிய சந்திர லிங்கங்கள், அனுமன் கோவில், சென்னகேசவ பெருமாள் கோவில், சிவலிங்கம் புடை சிற்பம், முகமதியர்களின் தர்கா. ... கோடி புண்ணியம் பிரதோசத்தன்று பெருமாளின் சங்கு மலையை வலம் வந்தது...

When we go around the hill through various fort entrances, we can come to a conclusion that fort entrances was constructed for  the temples and most of the entrances are with  mandapams with Hindu temple architecture. The fort with temples are constructed and expanded through Chozhas, Hoysalas, Pandiyas, Vijayanagar, Mysore Udayar kings periods.
LOCATION OF THE FORT :CLICK HERE  

KOTTAI MUNEESWARAN TEMPLE.
This temple with mandapam  is located on a small hill top in the south west direction. Since climbing to the temple is  little difficult, people created a small temple at the left side entrance of first fort wall and started worshiping Sri Muneeswarar.    



SRI VEERABATHIRAR
This temple is after the second entrance facing east with head chopped Nandhi and a big stone standing.  This temple was constructed during 16th century and the same was damaged by Tippu Sultan period. The nandhi’s head was chopped off and one leg is resting on a demon’s head. The damaged temple was reconstructed recently. Veerapathirar  moortham is about 5 feet tall in standing posture on a pedastal with, Sword, bow & arrow  are in hands. In devakoshtam under keerthimukam, Nandhi on west side, Thavasi on north side and King in sitting posture on south side. There are kannada inscriptions on the south side athistanam.





 King worshiping posture 

looks like a Jain monk, see the ears are hanging 
SRI KOTTAI MARIAMMAN TEMPLE
This temple is constructed after Kadikara vassal, before Sri Varadharaja Perumal Temple facing east. Annual festival is celebrated during Tamil Masi month. The poojas are done by a non bramin called Pandaram.


ARULMIKU NAGAR TEMPLE.
The temple is very small on the back side of Sri Varadharaja Perumal with a temple tank. The Nagars are under worship. The Temple was constructed   during 20th century.
SRI VARADHARAJA PERUMAL TEMPLE.
The temple is facing east with a 3 tier Rajagopuram. A small mandapam and a stone Garuda thoon are in front of Rajagopuram. The temple has three entrances. A regular entrance on east side, Paramapatha vassal is on the north and another on south with arch. The temple is measured 150 feet in length and 142 feet in wide. The temple is constructed  with Sanctum, artha mandapam and maha mandapam. The maha mandapam pillars are with lot of sculptures.  Thayar is in a separate sannadhi. Around the sanctum walls reliefs of Arjunan’s thabas, standing one leg, folding right leg in front,  Fighting with Shiva, Narasimhar, Lots of reliefs on the front mandapam koungkai to be watched. The lotus and Nagars with Sund and moo on the entrance roof are worth to watch. The pali peedam is on a tortoise and it was believed that the temple was constructed during 16th century by Vijayanagara period. The temple has a under ground secret storage room with an entrance in north side mandapam.
 The arch with entrance on the south side 

 3 tier Rajagopuram with Garuda thoon 


 Podhyal a demon 
 Relief of Lotus, Nagars with Suryan and Chandran ( Symbolic representation of solar and lunar eclipse )  

Nara Simhar 
 Reliefs above devakoshtam 
 Moolavar Vimanam 
 Arjuna’s thabas  for getting pasupatha asthiram from Lord Shiva   


SRI ANJANEYAR TEMPLE
This temple is on the top of the hill  after the 10th gate, facing east. The sanctum roof is in damaged condition. The hanuman is still under worship.


SRI SENNAKESAVA PERUMAL TEMPLE.
This temple is also on the top of the hill facing east with steps from north side.  The temple is in  damaged condition. Moolavar vimanam  kalasam is missing and constructed with lime mortar and bricks in lotus shape. There is a small garuda thoon  in front of the sanctum entrance with kannada inscriptions. There is a madapalli below the main temple. It was believed that the temple might have constructed during 13th century by Hoysalas. The last kumbhabhishekam was conducted about 50 years before and it was requested to do renovations by the state and central Governments.



A relief of a man worshiping Lord Shiva with devanakari inscriptions  

  This relief  is  on a rock on the way to 5th fort entrance 
Hanuman relief is in one of the fort entrance mandapam  
KAIKFEER DHARKA.
This is a muslims prayer place, which was once a Hindu temple. There is a secret passage and it was believed that Sukfi  muslim saint Kaikfeer  stayed here. This is about 200 meters  after the 5th fort entrance on the left side. Nobody ventured in to the secret passage during recent years.


 This mandapam must belongs to a Hindu temple once 
inscriptions  This is the secret passage  and where it leads?..
JAMIA PALLIVASAL
This also a muslim prayer place on the north side of the hill below Sri Sennakesava Perumal temple, with steps chiseled on the rock. This is standing on three  walls without roof and it was said that a lady by name Jatsaabee was buried under this mandapam.  



  --- OM SHIVAYA NAMA:---

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