Thursday, 21 June 2018

HERO STONES AT KALIYURU ( HERO STONE ERECTED TO CELEBRATE THE VICTORY OF CHOZHAS OVER GANGARS), TALAKAD, HARDHANAHALLI – TALAKAD HERITAGE VISIT.

17th June 2018.
KALIYURU ( HERO STONE ERECTED TO CELEBRATE THE VICTORY OF CHOZHAS OVER GANGARS)
This is the continuation post on Hero stones during Talakad heritage visit. When we inquired about hero stone erected for the Chozha Victory over the Gangar's, the villagers directed us to many places and one of the Villagers came to our rescue and showed us a group of hero stones  erected behind the temple. Since the hero stones showed  was not the one, what we wanted to see. Again we talked to the Villagers and finally showed us this 11th century ( 1006 CE ) Chozha hero stone kept on the back side of a temple ( Thanks to Sasi team  for identifying the same ).  In the hero stone 2/3rd  of the stone slab has the kannada  inscriptions and 1/3rd has the  war scene  between Rajaraja Chozha headed by his Caption Kottamangala Thellakulathilaka Aprameyan and the Gangars. The Inscription starts with Rajaraja-I's, title and also mentions the names of 18 Gangar's captains killed in the battle. The battle scene is finely carved on this slab, for which no description is required. 

The capture of the messenger by the Gangars was the main reason behind this battle. Rajaraja traveled from Chozha Nadu with Elephant and horse forces to teach a lesson to Gangas. The Gangas in fear of loosing the Capital Talakad, crossed the Cauvery river and faced the war at kaliyuru on the south banks of the river. 18 captains of Gangars, Hoysalas and Nulambas were killed in the fierce battle held on 22-03-1006 with a heavy loss of solders, horses and elephant. Finally Chozhas won the battle and captured Talakad and renamed as Rajarapuram.

The place, where the battle took place was once called as Kavalur ( since the place was guarding Talakadu) and latter turned to Kalaiyur during Chozha period and now Kaliyuru. The historians like Sri Appadurai and Sri Sadhasivapandarathar mentions as Kaliyur.  


  
TALAKAD
In addition to Sri Parshvanath tirthankara ( wil be written in a separate post ), we had seen two more hero stones. Both are 3 tiers and more tha 75% of the first tier was found below the ground level. The sword of the hero is very much similar to the one  shown in Hardanahalli hero stone.







KALIYURU - MUDIGUNDAM
It was around 17 hrs, when we completed the Kaliyuru visit and started our return journey to Erode, skipping the program of visiting a Chozha period temple at Mudigundam before Kollegal. Happened to see hero stones by the side of the road. Out of two reliefs one was mahishamardini relief and other one was a hero stone. This 3 tier hero stone is for a bullock cart hero who lost life. In the first tier the hero was driving a bullock cart and in the second tier the Hero was taken to heaven by the angels. In the top row hero was shown worshipping Lord Shiva. Had our lunch at 17.30 hrs at Kollegal and continued our return journey to Erode.
 mahishamardini relief 
bullock cart hero Stone.
---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---

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