Monday, 11 June 2018

THEN KAILAYAM AND VADA KAILAYAM, THE SUB SHRINES OF THIRUVAIYARU AIYARAPPAR TEMPLE, ONE OF THE 276 PADALPETRA SHIVA TEMPLES


12th June 2018
THEN KAILAYAM
This north (West) facing shrine was built by Panchavanmadevi, wife of Rajendra Chozha. In memory of the Victory over the Nulambas, a part of Kannada region. After the victory, the 46 numbers of lathe turned & intricate carved pillars, made of soap stone supports the prakaram, was brought from Nulamba region. The story behind this 46 pillars goes like this…. Only 45 pillars were brought and one was made by the Chozha sculptures within two days, without any difference between original and duplicate. (  in my opinion, it may not be true since soap stones are not available in any part of Tamil Nadu region, then how could it be possible.? ). The temple was built with padabandha adhistana and deva Koshtams supported by the pilasters on both sides. Sri Subramaniyar, Agnidevar, Shiva, Durga are in koshtam and Brahma is in sitting posture. The koshta moorthys are defaced. The shrine has only one inscription which speaks about the donation given to this temple by a lady called Adhikarachi Muthana Pon Nangai, who worked under the King Rajendra Chozha.

As per the legend, Appar wants to have the dharshan of Lord Shiva at Kailash. So he walked alone from Kasi after taking bath in ganges. At one stage he could not walk and crawled with blood bleeding from hands and legs. On seeing Appar’s devotion Lord Shiva crated pond at Mount Himalayas and asked him to take a dip and promised to give dharshan at Thiruvaiyaru. When he came out of the pond and had the dharshan of Lord Shiva with his consort and devaganas at this Then Kailayam Temple.

LOCATION:CLICK HERE





  Brahma in sitting posture in koshtam   
VADA KAILAYAM
This shrine was built by Sakthi Vidangi also called as Logamadevi, wife of Rajaraja Chozha – I. Hence the Lord Shiva of this temple is called as Logamadeeswaramudaiar and the temple is called as Loga Mahadevi Iswararm. There are more than 10 inscriptions of Rajaraja ( with his full title ) period and one inscription belongs to Rajadhiraja-I, which speaks about the gifts made to the temple in terms of land, sheep and gold ornaments, vessels towards daily poojas, burning of perpetual lamps and maintenance of this temple. In one of the inscriptions Rajarajan’s wife is referred as Nambiratiyar Danti Sakti Vidanki.

This shrine was built like a temple with padmabhandha adhistana. The sanctum sanctorum consists of Sanctum, antarala, Arathamandapa and muka mandapa. Yazhi vari is shown above kumudham and boodha vari is shown below kabotham. The kabotham has nasis with motifs. The Bhitti / sanctum walls has the koshtas with pilasters on both sides and makara thorana on the above. In the makara thorana cute miniature sculptures are carved. In between the koshtas, there are empty koshtas with vishnukanda pilasters. The koshta murthys Dhakshinamurthy and Brahma are original and in defaced condition.  A special miniature sculpture is on one of  the north side koshta is the kuda koothu, similar to the one at Thanjavur, Rajarajecharam and Thiruvellarai. This represents that Thirumal danced Kuda koothu to save Aniruthan, the son of Kaman from asura Vaanan.  It is believed that Kuda koothu is the fore-runner of Karakattam, a form of South Indian folk dance.

LOCATION: CLICK HERE


 The title of Rajaraja Chozha in the inscription 
Kuda koothu
---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---