Sunday, 25 March 2018

KONAR TEMPLE –THE REMAINS OF CHOZHA’S EMPIRE AT THIRUMALPUR NEAR ARAKONAM. TAMIL NADU


25th March 2018.
It was a long wish to visit this temple. It came to true when we passed through this temple, on the way to  Sri Manikandeeswarar temple, one of the Padal Petra Sthalam of Thondainadu at Thirumalperu. This temple is being maintained by Archeological Survey of India. Visited this temple twice on 18th March 2018 and 24th March 2018, as a part of our  Chozha Mandala Varalatru Thedal Kuzhu Heritage Visit

The temple was constructed with upanam, jagathi, kumudam and kandam. After patti above the base  a tie beam with white coloured granite stone  runs on all the four sides. The pilasters starts from 8 side Kumudam, has the kalasam, Kumbam and paligai. The hand of the pothiyals are made with curve and supports the ceiling. The Temple has no Vimana or any super structure.

A space is provided between sanctum and Muka mandapam. The space goes inside to a  depth of about a feet. In the space a  niche / koshtam is formed with pilasters and Makarathorana. Kajalakshmi is in the south side makarathorana and Durgai is on the north side makarathorana are shown. There is no murthis in the koshtam.  Boodha ganas  ( dwarfs ) in different postures are shown above the pilaster pothyals. Above the boodhavari  the ceiling is constructed with kodungai and kabotham with karnakudu are also done. Inside the mandapam old damaged statues are installed.

Miniature reliefs are chiseled on the pilasters. Most of the reliefs are related to Kannan / Krishnar of  Vaisnavism. The relief of Kannan’s kudakoothu  is a special one. In this Kannan dances kudakoothu with  2 kudam balancing on both hands.

The temple has the inscription of  Paranthaka Chozha – I, Rajaraja, Parthivendravarman and Kulothunga –III.  Experts of the opinion that the temple might have built during the transition period  between Pallava & Chozha. The inscriptions speaks about donation of Cattle / Goat and Land for the regular pooja and burning of perpetual lamp.

MYSTERIES
The green stones used to built this temple are different from the locally available granite stones. Then we  may presume that this must be an important temple. Then what was that importance?

The temple has the inscriptions of  Paranthaka Chozha –I, Rajaraja –I, Parthivendravarman and Kulothunga-III. The inscriptions mentions about the place name as Govindapadi. That means the present Govindavadi about a KM distance from this place, must be a part of the old Govindapadi.

Since the temple is a special one, it might have some sub shrines and mandapas.. What happened to them?

The moolavars name is mentioned in the inscriptions as “Nintriruntharuliya perumanadikal”.  Also the pilasters has the reliefs related to Krishna an avathara of Vishnu. So can we take this as Vishnu Temple ?.

Since Krishna was brought up by the Yathava community and in Tamil nadu these people also called as Konars. Is it possible that the Lord’s name has become the Community name ? 
      
LOCATION:CLICK HERE




inscriptions
inscriptions

Boodha ganas  ( dwarfs )
Boodha ganas  ( dwarfs )
Boodha ganas  ( dwarfs )
Boodha ganas  ( dwarfs )
Boodha ganas  ( dwarfs ), kabotham with karnakudu 




 Kannan dances kudakoothu with two pots


Durgai
---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---