Thursday, 15 March 2018

KUNDANI NEAR HOSUR & KRISHNAGIRI, ONCE A CAPITAL OF HOYSALA DYNASTY UNDER VEERA RAMANATHAN’s ( THE GREAT GRANDSON OF VEERA BALLALA – II ) RULE – – A KRISHNAGIRI HERITAGE VISIT.

A continuation Post to krishnagiri Heritage Visit Dolmens, Cairn circles and Rock Arts at Mallachandram 
11th March 2018.
Krishnagiri region was ruled by Pallavas, Gangas, Nulambas, Cholas, Pandyas, Hoysalas, Vijaya Nagar Emperors, Bijapur Sultans, Wudayars of Mysore and Nayaks of Madurai, since it is a passage between North India to South India. Krishnagiri is located between small hills which has the of prehistoric human shelters, Megalithic period Dolmens, rock paintings, etc,.

"Kundani" a part of Krishnagiri District was once the Head Quarters of the Hoysala king 'Veera Ramanathan' who ruled the Hoysala dynasty ( 1935 to 1954 AD) in 13th Century AD under the control of Pandyas. He was not a so popular king of Hoysala dynasty. He was the great grand son of  Veera Ballala-II and son of Veera  Someshwara ( 1235–63 AD ) who ruled  Hoysala under Chozhas.  The power of Krishnagiri was shuffled between Chozhas and Pandyas who ever  in power in Tamil Nadu. It is presumed that  Veera Someshwara, the grand son of Veera Ballala-II and his son Veera Ramanathan ruled Hoysala dynasty during the same period keeping their head quarters in different places near Krishnagiri. 

During his rule Veera Ramanathan, renovated the Kailasanathar temple of Tharamangalam, which was originally built by the Ketti Mudali kings. During his  rule a well called as “MARBIDIGU KINARU” at Thiruvellarai near Srirangam, Tiruchirappalli,  was reconstructed, by one  Kudanthai ( Kumbakonam ) vanikan ( Merchant ) Uyyaneri kaattinaan. And an inscription  at Aaragalur,  Sri Kamanatheswarar Temple  speaks about donation of a Village Nattarmangalam near Salem to this temple. He was known for the punishing of offenders to the maximum extend. In one of the inscription at the Panneswara Nayanar Temple at Panneswararmada, near Kaveripattinam ( Temple was built by the Kulothunga Chozha -II 1133 - 1150 CE ) says that a govt official, who accepts the bribe and the officer faailed to restrict was punished to death. Veera Ramanathan Died at Kundani (the Present Hosur) on 19th Dec 1295.

As a Capital of Hoysala Dynasty Kundani might have buzzing with activities now bears a desert look. Only the ruined temples reminds the glory of Hoysala dynasty. The stones with inscriptions of the temples strewn around.  The Shiva temple is in dilapidated condition, but still under worship,  will be covered separately and Kundani Lakamma temple was renovated keeping the base structure. New Anjaneyar and Renganathar temple were  also built on the same site.  
HOW TO REACH:
LOCATION:
A dilapidated Mandapam of Shiva temple
A dilapidated Mandapam 
 A dilapidated Mandapam 
 A dilapidated Mandapam of Vishnu temple
 A dilapidated Mandapam 
 A dilapidated Vishnu temple inscription stone 
 A dilapidated Vishnu temple 
 Vishnu in a dilapidated temple – waiting for whom? 
 Anjaneyar temple 
Ranganathar temple 
   Kundani Lakkamma temple  
 Kundani Lakkamma temple  
 Kundani Lakkamma temple  
Kundani Lakkamma temple  
  Hero  stone in front of Kundani Lakkamma temple  
  Hero / sati stone in front of Kundani Lakkamma temple  

  Hero stone in front of Kundani Lakkamma temple  
 Hero / sati stone in front of Kundani Lakkamma temple  
sati stone at Kundani Lakkamma Temple 
 Hero / sati stones dumped 
Hero / sati stones dumped 
 The remains of the ruined Temples  and mandapams
 The remains of the ruined Temples  and mandapams
  The remains of the ruined Temples  and mandapams
 Sambal medu once occupied during megalithic period

      Iron slag and the spout for pouring molten metal The evidence of human’s settlement 
---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---