Tuesday, 3 October 2017

DOLMENS & KARKUVAI, NEOLITHIC TOOLS AT SEMBUR, NEAR KARUMANDURAI, KALRAYAN HILLS – A HERITAGE VISIT. ( SALEM HISTORICAL RESEARCH CENTER )

1st October 2017.
Our first stop of our Kalrayan Hills Heritage Visit was  at Sembur near Karumandurai. The vans stopped  near a Pillayar Koil, where neolithic tools are worshipped as Vinayagar / Pillayar. Mr Veeraraghavan and Mr Veerasami explained us the use of the Neolithic tools. It was told that these tools are used for both cutting flush of the animals and agricultural purposes. Also this was used for exchange of goods. It was also told that this neolithic tools are kept in  Reserve banks of India as a proof for the exchange of goods. These tools are used till the evolution of Iron age and after that these tools became obsolete.



DOLMENS ( கல் திட்டைகள் )
Then we trekked  a small hill, where the dolmens are located. These dolmens belongs to megalithic period. The remains of the human are kept in a pot called “muthumakkal thaazi” and buried here. Over which a structure is formed. The structure has three side walls and fourth side is kept open. The walls are formed with small stones stalked one on the other. Over the  top of the 3 walls a stone  slab stone panel is placed which serves as a  cover or the roof. Except one or two most of the dolmens were disturbed. The local people calls this as kulla pandi veedu and they believe that short people lived in these structures. The locals also worships this place  once in a year during 15&16 of Chitra Tamil Month. Also they advised us not to wear cheppals while going near this dolmens. These Dolmens are at a height of 1107 meters from MSL









KARKUVAIKAL ( கற்குவியல்கள் )
This is another form of Dolmen. Instead of  building wall and placing a cover slab, small, small stones are stacked one over the other to form a round gopura.  We had seen three such Dolmens on the hill.  





 ---OM SHIVAYA NAMA---